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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Droplet Size Distributions as a function of rainy system type and Cloud Condensation Nuclei concentrations

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Author(s):
Cecchini, Micael A. [1] ; Machado, Luiz A. T. [1] ; Artaxo, Paulo [2]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] INPE, CPTEC, Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, BR-01498 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH; v. 143, p. 301-312, JUN 15 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

This work aims to study typical Droplet Size Distributions (DSDs) for different types of precipitation systems and Cloud Condensation Nuclei concentrations over the Vale do Paraiba region in southeastern Brazil. Numerous instruments were deployed during the CHUVA (Cloud processes of tHe main precipitation systems in Brazil: a contribUtion to cloud resolving modeling and to the GPM) Project in Vale do Paraiba campaign, from November 22, 2011 through January 10, 2012. Measurements of CCN (Cloud Condensation Nuclei) and total particle concentrations, along with measurements of rain DSDs and standard atmospheric properties, including temperature, pressure and wind intensity and direction, were specifically made in this study. The measured DSDs were parameterized with a gamma function using the moment method. The three gamma parameters were disposed in a 3-dimensional space, and subclasses were classified using cluster analysis. Seven DSD categories were chosen to represent the different types of DSDs. The DSD classes were useful in characterizing precipitation events both individually and as a group of systems with similar properties. The rainfall regime classification system was employed to categorize rainy events as local convective rainfall, organized convection rainfall and stratiform rainfall. Furthermore, the frequencies of the seven DSD classes were associated to each type of rainy event. The rainfall categories were also employed to evaluate the impact of the CCN concentration on the DSDs. In the stratiform rain events, the polluted cases had a statistically significant increase in the total rain droplet concentrations (TDCs) compared to cleaner events. An average concentration increase from 668 cm(-3) to 2012 cm(-3) for CCN at 1% supersaturation was found to be associated with an increase of approximately 87 m(-3) in TDC for those events. For the local convection cases, polluted events presented a 10% higher mass weighted mean diameter (Dm) on average. For the organized convection events, no significant results were found. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/15235-8 - Cloud processes of the main precipitation systems in Brazil: a contribution to cloud resolving modeling and to the GPM (Global Precipitation Measurement)
Grantee:Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants