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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of smoking habits on sleep

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Author(s):
S.G. Conway ; S.S. Roizenblatt ; L. Palombini ; L.S. Castro ; L.R.A. Bittencourt ; R.S. Silva ; S. Tufik
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research; v. 41, n. 8, p. 722-727, Ago. 2008.
Abstract

To evaluate the effect of smoking habits on sleep, data from 1492 adults referred to the Sleep Institute were accessed and divided into 3 categories of smoking status: current, former and non-smokers. Categories of pack-years (<15 and &#8805;15) defined smoking severity. The association of smoking status and smoking severity with sleep was analyzed for sleep parameters, especially apnea and hypopnea index (AHI) &#8805;5, more than 5% of total sleep time (TST) spent with oxyhemoglobin saturation (SaO2) <90%, and arousal index. The arousal index was higher among current (21 ± 17) and former smokers (20 ± 17) than non-smokers (17 ± 15; P < 0.04). Former smokers had a higher percent of TST at SaO2 <90% than non-smokers (9 ± 18 vs 6 ± 13; P < 0.04). Former smokers with pack-years &#8805;15 compared to <15 exhibited higher AHI (22 ± 24 vs 16 ± 21; P < 0.05) and arousal index (22 ± 19 vs 18 ± 15; P < 0.05). Current smokers with pack-years &#8805;15 compared to <15 exhibited higher arousal index (23 ± 18 vs 18 ± 16; P < 0.05) and percent of TST at SaO2 <90% (11 ± 17 vs 6 ± 13; P < 0.05). Smoking status and pack-years were not associated with AHI &#8805;5 on logistic regression analysis, but current smokers with pack-years &#8805;15 were 1.9 times more likely to spend more than 5% of TST at SaO2 <90% than non-smokers (95%CI = 1.21-2.97; P = 0.005). The variability of arousal index was influenced by gender, AHI and current smokers with pack-years &#8805;15 (all P < 0.01). Smoking habits seem to be associated with arousal and oxyhemoglobin desaturation during sleep, but not with AHI. The effect was more pronounced in current than former smokers. (AU)