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PROVISION OF A STRUCTURAL NETWORK MODEL TO GUARANTEE THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE AND HEALTHY FOOD IN SOLIDARITY KITCHENS: A GATEWAY TO FOOD AND NUTRITIONAL SECURITY IN VULNERABILIZED TERRITORIES.

Abstract

The construction of conditions for guaranteeing the right to food, provided for in the constitution of Brazil, depends on public management to regulate and induce targets for production, distribution and access to food. Research can contribute to this complex challenge based on studies on Food and Nutritional Security-SAN, its determinants, monitoring and ways of overcoming it. Data from the II National Survey on Food Insecurity during the Covid-19 pandemic in the country, show growth in Food Insecurity - InSA in all states. The most severe form of InSA, hunger, affects 15.5% of Brazilians. In addition to the lack of food, people are vulnerable to the hegemonic agrifood system, in which the poorest do not have access to healthy food, which is often more expensive. There is also little access to information about the health risks associated with inadequate eating patterns and, therefore, the growth of obesity and other non-communicable diseases expresses one of the forms of hunger and malnutrition. Added to the health crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, the weakening of social protection mechanisms in a permanent and organized way, especially in the last six years, has led civil society to organize itself, through the Solidarity Kitchens - CS, with purpose of distributing meals to people in situations of social vulnerability. These units are important spaces for civil society to combat hunger. In this sense, the federal government, through the Ministry of Development and Social Assistance, Family and Fight against Hunger - MDS, endeavors to look at and understand the SCs so that they can be recognized and supported by SAN public policies, without lose their popular and autonomous character. This project aims to develop an intersectoral network structural model and a dialogic educational matrix to promote Food and Nutritional Security in vulnerable territories, considering the training of CSs collaborators to include them as Equipment Promoting Food and Nutritional Security. To achieve this objective, the proposing teams, together with the Landless Rural Workers Movement, the Homeless Workers Movement and CEAGESP, intend, through joint work with university researchers, to build a situation diagnosis on the physical, territorial and structural conditions humanities, the origin of food, menu planning, and the preparation and distribution of meals in the HC; identify the production of family farmers, associations, cooperatives and partner settlers, supply centers and local-regional food banks, by obtaining secondary and primary data, as well as using qualitative research tools - Participant Observation and Focus Group. To determine the sample and elaboration of the multimaps, Artificial Intelligence and geoprocessing will be used. As results that will contribute to SAN promotion actions and policies, an intersectoral network structural model will be proposed for application in Brazilian municipalities. Other products resulting from this project will be a technical structure and management manual for SC and a dialogical educational matrix, referenced in the Food and Nutrition Education Framework for Public Policies, in the guidelines of the Food Guide for the Brazilian Population and the National Security Policy Food and Nutrition. (AU)

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