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Human biometeorology: analysis of the environmental variables (meteorological, thermal comfort and air pollution) and climate change on geriatric population of São Paulo city

Grant number: 10/10189-5
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: July 01, 2011 - March 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Medical Clinics
Principal researcher:Fábio Luiz Teixeira Gonçalves
Grantee:Fábio Luiz Teixeira Gonçalves
Home Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Arlindo Tribess ; Marcia Peinado Alucci
Assoc. researchers: Beatriz Maria Trezza ; Denise Helena Silva Duarte ; Leonardo Marques Monteiro ; Roberta Consentino Kronka Mülfarth ; Tercio Ambrizzi ; Wilson Jacob Filho
Associated scholarship(s):15/19519-1 - Characterization of the recent production of multifamily residential buildings in the city of São Paulo: subsidies for thermal performance studies of the units and impacts on urban mobility, BP.IC
13/10986-0 - Ergonomic evaluation of the functions and activities of housing: External areas - expectations and needs of comfort , well-being and autonomy of elderly fit (healthy), BP.IC
13/01641-0 - Resilience of buildings to climate change in the metropolitan region of São Paulo: evaluation of thermal comfort in residential units., BP.IC
13/02879-0 - Ergonomic evaluation of the functions and activities of housing: the housing unit - expectations and needs of comfort, well-being and autonomy of elderly fit (healthy)., BP.IC
12/07524-2 - BUILDING RESILIENCE FOR CLIMATE CHANGE IN SAO PAULO METROPOLITAN REGION CASE STUDY: THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS FOR THE ELDERLY, BP.MS

Abstract

This is a multidisciplinary Project, which emphasizes geriatric population impacts, i. e., over 65 years old, of meteorological variables associated to human thermal comfort, and concerning to the climatology and climate change in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo. This is a biometeorological study, human subdivision, based on ISB (International Society of Biometeorology). According to the society, the environmental effects are considered meteorotropics where one or more environmental variables (meteorological or climatic even air pollution) affect one or more individuals of a population. Atmospheric pollution will be analyzed indirectly, concerning the impact of unfavorable meteorological conditions where the impacts will be evaluated comparing the test results during dry season (high air pollutant concentrations) and wet season (low pollutant concentrations). This is a biometeorological study, human subdivision, based on ISB (International Society of Biometeorology). According to the society, the environmental effects are considered meteorotropics where one or more environmental variables (meteorological or climatic even air pollution) affect one or more individuals of a population. Therefore, the aim of this study will be to evaluate the cognitive and physical performance of a geriatric population in a pre-selected group of aged people which are considered as capable (healthy). This performance is affected by environmental conditions which thermal comfort (where meteorological variables act together) and air pollution are the meteorotropic ones. Consequently, one of the aims of the study is to establish a human thermal comfort index for geriatric populations. Architectural premises (thermal performance and ergonomics) will be also developed. An acclimatized chamber will be used to simulate the extremes of São Paulo climate and to propose a thermal comfort index. Indoors (chamber) and outdoors will be used in order to compare the impact on the selected aged people. Finally, the climate change, which will be based on GCM's global models which show the meteorological variations in order to calculate their impact on a comfort index, the physical and cognitive performances and architectural premises (thermal performance and ergonomics). (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SEGALIN, BRUNA; FORNARO, ADALGIZA; KUMAR, PRASHANT; KLEMM, OTTO; ANDRADE, MARIA F.; TREZZA, BEATRIZ MARIA; BUSSE, ALEXANDRE; FILHO, WILSON J.; GONCALVES, FABIO L. T. Chemical Composition of Quasi-ultrafine Particles and their Sources in Elderly Residences of Sao Paulo Megacity. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, v. 20, n. 5, p. 1002-1015, MAY 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SEGALIN, BRUNA; KUMAR, PRASHANT; MICADEI, KAONAN; FORNARO, ADALGIZA; GONCALVES, FABIO L. T. Size-segregated particulate matter inside residences of elderly in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Atmospheric Environment, v. 148, p. 139-151, JAN 2017. Web of Science Citations: 12.
RAFAELA SANCHES DE OLIVEIRA; BEATRIZ MARIA TREZZA; ALEXANDRE LEOPOLD BUSSE; WILSON JACOB FILHO. Learning effect of computerized cognitive tests in older adults. Einstein (São Paulo), v. 12, n. 2, p. 149-153, Abr. 2014.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.