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Biocompatibility of ocular prosthesis acrylic resin: in vitro and in vivo analysis

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the biocompatibility of N1 acrylic resin (AR) for ocular prosthesis, polymerized by different cycles and methods, on human conjunctival cell line and in rats. AR samples will be divided into 3 groups, according to the polymerization method: N1 AR polymerized in water bath (NRWB), polymerized by microwave energy (NRME) or autopolymerized resin (ANR). For each group, different polymerization cycles will be evaluated. For the in vitro analysis, after the formation of eluates, corresponding to 24 and 72 hours of sample immersion in medium, their cytotoxicity will be evaluated using MTT assay and Neutral Red, with Chang cells. The eluates will be exposed to cells for 24 and 72 hours. Additionally, there will be evaluated: the production of cytokines and chemokines through ELISA; mRNA expression of COL IV, TGF ², MMP9, Mcl-1 and caspases-3 and -9, by real time RT-PCR and; the detection of apoptotic cells by annexin V through flow cytometry and; the chemotactic response using a Boyden chamber. For the in vivo analysis, the tissue reaction will be analyzed by the implementation of samples from groups NRWB, NRME and ANR, polymerized according to the manufacturer's recommendation, in the dorsal connective tissue of Wistar rats for 3, 15 and 30 days. The specimens will be stained with hematoxylin and eosin, for qualitative and quantitative evaluations (inflammatory cell count). The specimens (samples and adjacent tissue) will be morphologically and quantitatively assessed, regarding the inflammatory process, and the immunohistochemical analysis will be performed for the detection of IL-1², IL-6, TNF±, IL-17 and CCL20. The quantitative data will be submitted to the test of normal-distribution, and appropriate statistical test will be applied. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FREITAS DA SILVA, EMILY VIVIANNE; GOIATO, MARCELO COELHO; BITENCOURT, SANDRO BASSO; FINER, YOAV; BALERA BRITO, VICTOR GUSTAVO; TAKAMIYA, ALINE SATIE; PENHA DE OLIVEIRA, SANDRA HELENA; MICHELINE DOS SANTOS, DANIELA. Effect of processing methods on the cytotoxicity of methyl methacrylate-based ocular prostheses: An in vitro study. TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO, v. 76, . (15/20221-7, 16/03455-7)

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