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Priority areas for Legal Reserve offsetting: research for the development of a decision making tool to enhance transparency in the implementation process of the environmental adjustment program (Programa de Regularização Ambiental - PRA) in São Paulo

Grant number: 16/17680-2
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
Duration: November 01, 2016 - October 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Interdisciplinary Subjects
Principal Investigator:Gerd Sparovek
Grantee:Gerd Sparovek
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Clarice Borges Matos ; Jean Paul Walter Metzger ; Kaline de Mello ; Oscar Sarcinelli ; Paulo Guilherme Molin ; Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues ; Vinicius Guidotti de Faria
Associated scholarship(s):18/15713-6 - Socioeconomic typological characterization of the agrarian systems located at low productivity areas in São Paulo State to predict Legal Reserve compensation areas, BP.PD
17/26684-4 - Environmental compensation as a mechanism for conservation: from methods to scenario testing based on the Brazilian New Forest Code, BP.DR
17/24028-2 - Elaboration of a priority areas map for legal reserve compensation in the State of São Paulo and development of an automated tool prototype to query geo-referenced information, BP.PD
+ associated scholarships 17/04812-0 - Elaboration of a priority areas map for legal reserve compensation in the State of São Paulo and development of an automated tool prototype to query geo-referenced information, BP.PD
17/02755-0 - A participatory process construction and evaluation aiming at a technical part preparation for an Environmental Adjustment Program (EAP) in the state of São Paulo, BP.PD
17/07942-2 - Historical overview patterns of natural vegetation cover in the State of São Paulo as support in the regularization of the compensation mechanisms in Legal Reserve established by the law nº 12.651/2012, BP.DD
16/24319-4 - Elaboration of a priority areas map for legal reserve compensation in the State of São Paulo and development of an automated tool prototype to query geo-referenced information, BP.IC - associated scholarships


The implementation of the "New Forest Code" law, due to its complexity and its several sector disputes involved, needs to be supported by technical analysis, strongly based on scientific research. Scientific knowledge organized specifically for supporting the implementation of this law can assist the decision makers in the public consultation and in the necessary dialogues between various stakeholders (environmentalists, farmers, and legislators), strengthening the accuracy of technical discussions and providing a more credible material. The major focus of dispute in the implementation of the "New Forest Code" in the State of São Paulo (Brazil) is the offsetting of Legal Reserves (LR), which involves the mapping of farmland, the restoration potential in cultivate areas with low agricultural suitability, the offsetting possibility on currently cultivated, and the possibility of buying additional properties covered with natural vegetation. This document presents the proposal for: 1) the preparation of priority areas for offsetting of LR maps and agricultural land use admission in LR (according to Art. 68 of Federal Law # 12.651/2012), 2) the development of an automatic tool prototype for query georeferenced information, that assists public managers and allow access and query information by other stakeholders (landowners, NGOs, etc.), in order to guarantee the transparency on implementation of the Environmental Adjustment Program (PRA) in São Paulo State. This research comes from a demand of governmental sectors both to identify and to prioritize areas for LR compensation because of federal and state legislation and should contribute to the state role in the development and application of methodology for ensuring the compliance of the New Forest Code. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant
New rule in revised Brazilian Forest Code may lead to increased legal deforestation in Amazon 
Study proposes a road map to expand and intensify Brazilian agriculture 
Study shows who “owns” Brazil’s above-ground carbon stocks  
Loss of biodiversity endangers wellbeing of present and future generations  

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
GUIDOTTI, VINICIUS; DE BARROS FERRAZ, SILVIO FROSINI; GUEDES PINTO, LUIS FERNANDO; SPAROVEK, GERD; TANIWAKI, RICARDO H.; GARCIA, LARA GABRIELLE; BRANCALION, PEDRO H. S. Changes in Brazil's Forest Code can erode the potential of riparian buffers to supply watershed services. LAND USE POLICY, v. 94, MAY 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
TAVARES, PAULO ANDRE; BRITES, ALICE DANTAS; SPAROVEK, GERD; GUIDOTTI, VINICIUS; CERIGNONI, FELIPE; AGUIAR, DANIEL; METZGER, JEAN PAUL; RODRIGUES, RICARDO RIBEIRO; GUEDES PINTO, LUIS FERNANDO; DE MELLO, KALINE; MOLIN, PAULO GUILHERME. Unfolding additional massive cutback effects of the Native Vegetation Protection Law on Legal Reserves, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, v. 19, n. 4 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
FREITAS, FLAVIO L. M.; SPAROVEK, GERD; BERNDES, GORAN; PERSSON, U. MARTIN; ENGLUND, OSKAR; BARRETTO, ALBERTO; MORTBERG, ULLA. Potential increase of legal deforestation in Brazilian Amazon after Forest Act revision. NATURE SUSTAINABILITY, v. 1, n. 11, p. 665-670, NOV 2018. Web of Science Citations: 5.

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