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Quality of life evaluation and the nutritional and masticatory characteristics of pre pubertal overweight and obese children

Grant number: 11/15621-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2012
Effective date (End): February 28, 2014
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry
Principal Investigator:Paula Midori Castelo Ferrua
Grantee:Darlle Santos Araujo
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba (FOP). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing rapidly worldwide and it is assumed that the masticatory function might influence the nutritional status of these individuals; moreover, this condition can also negatively affect their quality of life due to the impact in physical, psychological and social aspects. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the relationship between masticatory function, nutritional evaluation, symptoms of anxiety and the quality of life of 300 pre pubertal children of both genders, aged 6-10 years. The masticatory function will be verified by evaluating the maximum bite force and characteristics of food consistency. Presence and history of sucking and parafunctional habits will also be surveyed. These variables of the masticatory function will be related to anthropometric measurements (body mass index, triceps and subscapular skinfolds, arm and waist circumferences) and food intake, measured by 24-hour recall and the calculation of estimated food intake by means of software. Furthermore, symptoms of anxiety and quality of life scores of the subjects will be evaluated using translated and validated questionnaires (Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children-MASC and Autoquestionnaire Qualité de Vie Enfant Imagé-AUQEI, respectively). The results will be analyzed by descriptive statistics, Komolgorov-Smirnov normality test, correlation tests (Pearson or Spearman) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) between groups. There will also be assessed the psychometric properties of scales: internal consistency (ceiling and floor effects, Cronbach Alpha coefficient, weather correlation matrix, and corrected item-total correlation) and discriminant validity (t-test). Multiple linear regression models will be used to verify the relationship between anthropometric measurements (as dependent variables) and the scores for quality of life and anxiety, masticatory function variables and dietary intake, adjusting for gender, age, orthodontic treatment need and DMFT and dmft indices (alpha = 0.05).

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ARAUJO, D. S.; MARQUEZIN, M. C. S.; BARBOSA, T. S.; FONSECA, F. L. A.; FEGADOLLI, C.; CASTELO, P. M. Assessment of quality of life, anxiety, socio-economic factors and caries experience in Brazilian children with overweight and obesity. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DENTAL HYGIENE, v. 15, n. 4, p. e156-e162, NOV 2017. Web of Science Citations: 2.
ARAUJO, DARLLE SANTOS; SALOME MARQUEZIN, MARIA CAROLINA; BARBOSA, TAIS DE SOUZA; DUARTE GAVIAO, MARIA BEATRIZ; CASTELO, PAULA MIDORI. Evaluation of masticatory parameters in overweight and obese children. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, v. 38, n. 4, p. 393-397, AUG 2016. Web of Science Citations: 1.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
ARAUJO, Darlle Santos. Quality of life evaluation and the nutritional and masticatory characteristics of overweight and obese children. 2014. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.