The daily exposure of the skin to ultraviolet radiation can cause direct damage to DNA and cause the proliferation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which leads to an imbalance between free radicals and antioxidant enzymes in the epidermis, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx). This imbalance leads to a state of oxidative stress and consequently to photoaging, which can be delayed and even treated by the use of products with antioxidant properties. Researches have shown many beneficial effects of trans-resveratrol (RES) to human health, including its antioxidant and anti-inflamatory actions. It can be an important ally on prevention and treatment of cutaneous desorders like cutaneous aging, hyperpigmentation and cacinogenesis. However, some of their physicochemical properties, such as limited aqueous solubility, make their effectiveness on therapeutic cutaneous more difficult since it has low penetration into the skin. Thus, the use of nanostructured delivery systems for cutaneous administration of the RES, such as liquid-crystalline systems (LCS) would be extremely viable in order to locate the active ingredient in its site of action, modulating their action and reducing possible side effects, and increasing their penetration through the stratum corneum. The objectives of this work are to develop LCS to incorporate the RES and to characterize them by means of polarized light microscopy, small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and rheology. Release, retention and permeation tests will be performed in vitro using skin of an animal model. Subsequently, the effectiveness will be verified in vivo model of stress oxidative cutaneous induced by UVB radiation.
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