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Public policies and social housing: similarities and differences between the Brazilian and the Spanish case

Grant number: 13/09199-4
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2013
Effective date (End): December 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Fundamentals of Architecture and Urbanism
Principal researcher:Leandro Silva Medrano
Grantee:Katrin Rappl
Supervisor abroad: Carmen Espegel Alonso
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FEC). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Research place: Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Spain  
Associated to the scholarship:12/12146-7 - Public policies and social housing: similarities and differences between the Brazilian and the Spanish case., BP.MS

Abstract

Currently in Brazil, the national policy encourages large public investments in the construction field, mainly supported by the programs "Plano de Aceleração do Crescimento" (PAC) and "Minha Casa Minha Vida" (PMCMV), that enable major changes in urban space. Housing construction in order to reduce the housing deficit in the country is one of the priorities of these programs, which is estimated at 5.5 million households (Ministério das Cidades, 2010). However, it is noticed that the quality of the projects and their link with the city are left to a secondary plane. The prospect of accelerated urban growth in Brazil intensifies the need of discussion on this topic and also the application of architectural, economic and urban parameters to ensure project's quality in the desired amount. This research, linked to another one with support from FAPESP, aims to identify the current architectural and urban guidelines of the PMCMV and analyze similarities and differences with programs performed in Spain, a country that has built more than 5 million homes between 2000 and 2008, especially those linked to the "Consejería de Medio Ambiente, Vivienda y Ordenación del Territorio", such as: "Plan Rehabilita" and "Plan de Vivienda". Since the economic disaster of the "housing bubble" and the diversity of successful experiences in the Social Housing field, there are many examples of great academic importance and awarded produced in the country that could indicate alternatives to urban and typological models used in Brazil. Thus, the research is justified by the urgent need in the national scene of new formulations about the relation between architecture and city - a desired key to advancement in the housing field and also in the quality of our cities. (AU)