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Urbanization effects on a Bothrops jararaca population

Grant number: 14/11909-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2014
Effective date (End): March 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal Investigator:Otavio Augusto Vuolo Marques
Grantee:Lucas Henrique Carvalho Siqueira
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas (IBILCE). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de São José do Rio Preto. São José do Rio Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The habitat loss can exert great ecological impact on animal populations. One of the most common causes for the decrease of habitat and ambiental alteration is the growing urbanization. the anthropogenic pressure can also exert great influence in the population dynamics. The São Paulo municipality fits in this scene, because is the greater in the country and have several forest fragments in its interior. The pitviper Bothrops jararaca is on of the most common species in the municipality and can be found across its territory. The aim of the present research is to compare ecological characters in two populations of B. jararaca evaluating the fragmentation effects caused by urban growth. The populations will be compared in relation to abundance and body size of the individuals. We going to evaluate the food availability and the predators pressure on the locals of each population lives. The study will take place in two municipal parks of São Paulo, one of them composed by continuous forest area and other a isolated forest remnant surrounded by the city. For snake data collection, active searches (Time Constrained Search), traps (pitfalls and Sherman) and also artificial shelters will be adopted. Specimens donated to the Instituto Butantan, from one of the study locals will be used too. Traps will provide information about prey availability and predation will be evaluated with the aid of clay models. The field work will last twelve months, with four days visits on each park. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SIQUEIRA, L. H. C.; MARQUES, V, O. A. Effects of Urbanization on Bothrops jararaca Populations in Sao Paulo Municipality, Southeastern Brazil. Journal of Herpetology, v. 52, n. 3, p. 299-306, SEP 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
SIQUEIRA, Lucas Henrique Carvalho. Efeitos da urbanização populações de Bothrops jararaca no município de São Paulo, Brasil. 2016. 86 f. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas..

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