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Comparative analysis of Brazilian and Scottish population for estimating sex, ancestry and age: a forensic anthropology study

Grant number: 14/23727-6
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): February 22, 2015
Effective date (End): June 29, 2015
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry
Principal Investigator:Maria Gabriela Haye Biazevic
Grantee:Thais Torralbo Lopez Capp
Supervisor abroad: Christopher Rynn
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia (FO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : University of Dundee, Scotland  
Associated to the scholarship:14/13340-7 - Comparative analysis of the Brazilian and Scottish population for estimating sex age and ancestry: a Forensic Anthropology study, BP.DD

Abstract

Forensic anthropology is the application of the physical anthropology science and human osteology in criminal cases where the victim's remains are in an advanced stage of decomposition. The determination of the physical characteristics of an individual can be estimated through the use of two methods: morphological and metric. Considering the current context, the morphological or qualitative method is deeply described in the literature. On the other hand, there is a shortage of scientific studies that analyze quantifying measurements. Due to migration Brazilian population is very diverse, comprising many races and ethnic groups, therefore it is much more varied than the Scottish population, which tends to be more homogenous once there was significant immigration to Scotland from the rest of the United Kingdom. The present study aims to compare the craniometric variations of two populations (Brazilian and Scottish), and also see the reliability of ancestry, age and sex estimation in the two populations for forensic purpose. The sample will consist of a total of 200 skulls with jaws. The "Instituto de Estudo e Pesquisas Forenses de Guarulhos" will provide the Brazilian documented sample, which is composed of 100 complete skulls. The Scottish documented sample will comprise a total of 100 skulls with jaws from the "Centre for Anatomy & Human Identification" at the University of Dundee. Anthropometric analysis of skulls and jaws will be held with the use of 2 stabilizers: skull and mandible ones. Both of them have their patents requested through the University of São Paulo (USP). Later, the skulls and jaws will be brain-scanned and analyzed using the software "VG Studio". It is hoped that a comparative analysis of the two populations be established and a standardization of the measures of the skulls and jaws be made. So, it will provide a reproducible method and more quantitative parameters to estimate the age, sex and ancestry to the human identification services around the world. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
KRAMER, NITIELY ARRAIS; LOPEZ-CAPP, THAIS TORRALBO; MICHEL-CROSATO, EDGARD; HAYE BIAZEVIC, MARIA GABRIELA. Sex estimation from the mastoid process using Micro-CT among Brazilians: Discriminant analysis and ROC curve analysis. JOURNAL OF FORENSIC RADIOLOGY AND IMAGING, v. 14, p. 1-7, SEP 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
LOPEZ-CAPP, THAIS TORRALBO; RYNN, CHRISTOPHER; WILKINSON, CAROLINE; SAAVEDRA DE PAIVA, LUIZ AIRTON; MICHEL-CROSATO, EDGARD; HAYE BIAZEVIC, MARIA GABRIELA. Discriminant analysis of mandibular measurements for the estimation of sex in a modern Brazilian sample. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LEGAL MEDICINE, v. 132, n. 3, p. 843-851, MAY 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
THAIS TORRALBO LOPEZ-CAPP; CHRISTOPHER RYNN; CAROLINE WILKINSON; LUIZ AIRTON SAAVEDRA DE PAIVA; EDGARD MICHEL-CROSATO; MARIA GABRIELA HAYE BIAZEVIC. Sexing the Cranium from the Foramen Magnum Using Discriminant Analysis in a Brazilian Sample. Brazilian Dental Journal, v. 29, n. 6, p. -, Dez. 2018.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.