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Determinants of child labor: an analysis with dynamic painel data of Brazilian States

Grant number: 15/21410-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2016
Effective date (End): February 28, 2017
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Economics - Social Welfare Economics
Principal researcher:Marcelo Justus dos Santos
Grantee:Temidayo James Aransiola
Home Institution: Instituto de Economia (IE). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil


Despite the downward tendency observed over time, the rate of child labor continues blatantly different among Brazilian states. In this context, the question of this research project is: what are the causes of notable difference in the rate of child labor among Brazilian states in the period of 2001 to 2014? Hence, the main objective of this study is to identify the causes of this alleged difference. Specifically, we seek to: (a) identify the temporal dynamic present in the stochastic process of child labor rate so as to measure the short and long term effects of shocks in possible determinants of child labor such as, for instance, shocks in the proportion of poor families benefitted by the \textit {Bolsa Família} cash transfer program (PBF, in Brazilian acronym), and (b) identify the impact of work fiscalization measures on the rate of child labor. The empirical modeling will be performed by using panel data of Brazilian states. Besides permitting to investigate the causes of heterogeneity in the rate of child labor among states, the use of panel data allows to control for states' specific unobservable factors. Additionally it permits to incorporate time dynamic in child labor rate. Hence, it allows measuring both short and long term effects of shocks in the determinants of child labor. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
TEMIDAYO JAMES ARANSIOLA; MARCELO JUSTUS. Evolução dos níveis de trabalho infantil nos estados brasileiros: limites e contradições das políticas. Economia e Sociedade, v. 29, n. 1, p. 273-295, . (15/21410-8)
ARANSIOLA, TEMIDAYO JAMES; JUSTUS, MARCELO. Child Labor Hazard on Mental Health: Evidence from Brazil. JOURNAL OF MENTAL HEALTH POLICY AND ECONOMICS, v. 21, n. 2, p. 49-58, . (15/21410-8)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
ARANSIOLA, Temidayo James. Determinantes, dinâmica e consequência de trabalho infantil no Brasil. 2017. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Economia Campinas, SP.

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