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"Impact of high intensity interval exercise on cognitive function, morphological changes and systemic imunometabólicas of young people with obesity"

Grant number: 15/22402-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2016
Effective date (End): June 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physical Education
Principal Investigator:Fábio Santos de Lira
Grantee:Daniela Sayuri Inoue Yoshimura
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Presidente Prudente. Presidente Prudente , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):17/03947-0 - Effects of heat intervention during physical exercise on BDNF response in pregnancy, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

It has been speculated about the relationship of obesity and cognitive function decline. In this context, the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is a key component of metabolic dysregulation, and when combined with lower concentrations of brain-derived neurotrophic factors (BDNF), promoting cognitive decline. BDNF is involved in different cell functions, however it highlights its effect on the neuroregeneration process essential for maintenance of cognitive functions. Their concentrations are reduced in obese individuals and recent studies have shown that physical exercise can promote increased BDNF concentrations. However, the knowledge about the effects of high intensity and intermittent aerobic training (HIIT) is incipient on cognitive function of young obese adults concomitant anthropometric and imunometabolic changes. Therefore, obese adult who will be recruited and randomized into two groups: HIIT (10x1 minute vVO2pico 100% for 1 minute passive rest) and moderate continuous aerobic training (65% vVO2 with energy expenditure equivalent to HIIT). Imunometabolic parameters (cytokines anti and pro-inflammatory, lipid profile, blood glucose and insulin) and morphological (X-ray absorptiometry dual energy and octopolar bioelectrical impedance analysis), and cognitive function (memory, attention and executive function) that will be analyzed and compared to the end of the 6 weeks of training. It is expected that improvements in biochemical and morphological parameters reflect cognitive function.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
GEROSA-NETO, JOSE; MONTEIRO, PAULA ALVES; INOUE, DANIELA SAYURI; ANTUNES, BARBARA MOURA; BATATINHA, HELENA; DORNELES, GILSON PIRES; PERES, ALESSANDRA; ROSA-NETO, JOSE CESAR; LIRA, FABIO SANTOS. High- and moderate-intensity training modify LPS-induced ex-vivo interleukin-10 production in obese men in response to an acute exercise bout. CYTOKINE, v. 136, DEC 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
INOUE, DANIELA SAYURI; MONTEIRO, PAULA ALVES; GEROSA-NETO, JOSE; SANTANA, PRISCILLA RODRIGUES; PERES, FERNANDO PIERIN; EDWARDS, KATE M.; LIRA, FABIO SANTOS. Acute increases in brain-derived neurotrophic factor following high or moderate-intensity exercise is accompanied with better cognition performance in obese adults. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 10, n. 1 AUG 10 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
INOUE, DANIELA S.; ANTUNES, BARBARA M.; MAIDEEN, MOHAMMAD F. B.; LIRA, FABIO S. Pathophysiological Features of Obesity and its Impact on Cognition: Exercise Training as a Non-Pharmacological Approach. CURRENT PHARMACEUTICAL DESIGN, v. 26, n. 9, p. 916-931, 2020. Web of Science Citations: 1.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
YOSHIMURA, Daniela Sayuri Inoue. Impacto do treinamento intermitente de alta intensidade sobre a função cognitiva, alterações morfológicas e imunometabólicas sistêmica de adultos com obesidade. 2019. 165 f. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia..

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.