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Engenho São Jorge dos Erasmos: theory and practice of restoration

Grant number: 16/22004-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2017
Effective date (End): May 04, 2018
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning
Principal Investigator:Carlos Roberto Monteiro de Andrade
Grantee:Marisa Elisabete Ferreira Cândido
Home Institution: Instituto de Arquitetura e Urbanismo de São Carlos (IAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil


The Monument of the Engenho São Jorge dos Erasmos is considered one of the most important remnants of the colonial era of the coastal region of the state of São Paulo. It represents and it is the memory of the passage of the sugar production industry in the region, and the relationship between territory, population and type of construction used in that period. Currently, because of its highlight, the monument is protected at various levels - local, state and federal, which allows more control over the changes taking place around them. Unlike most materials patrimony protected in Brazil, which are whole buildings, the object in question is part of the study area of the ruins, much discussed in Europe, but as the theme of restoration is generally poorly studied in Brazil. Because of its role in the history of the region of São Vicente / Santos, and the importance of the current monument administration, the concern of heritage education and preservation of the site, the Engenho was chosen as the site for this research. Other factors that influenced the decision was the realization, after some initial surveys, the lack of work for the tipping process, the initial actions and the state of degradation to the Engenho was in before your registration for protection. In an attempt to deepening on this theme, research will be produced which analyzes the main restoration theories to the present time, approaching the design decisions made by Luís Saia, and how the ruins have been treated throughout history. (AU)