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Judges-historians: the judgments at the service of History by Ministers of the STF acting in the IHGB (1870-1949)

Grant number: 17/09287-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2017
Effective date (End): November 09, 2021
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - Theory and Philosophy of History
Principal Investigator:Hélio Rebello Cardoso Júnior
Grantee:Aline Michelini Menoncello
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Letras (FCL-ASSIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Assis. Assis , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):19/23387-4 - The historic act of to judge: by Supreme Court (STF) ministers acting at the Instituto Brazilian Historical and Geographic Institute (IHGB) (1870-1949), BE.EP.DR

Abstract

The project presented is inserted in the History of Historiography - an area that every year brings together more researchers who investigate how men's experiences in time, problematizing the writing, the language and the concepts. The study, now presented, aims to understand the historical judgments of nine ministers of the Federal Supreme Court who worked at the Brazilian Historical and Geographical Institute between 1870 and 1949, to know, Tristão de Alencar Araripe, Olegário Herculano de Aquino e Castro, José Hygino Duarte Pereira, Antônio Joaquim de Macedo Soares, Rodrigo Octávio de Langaard Menezes, Pedro Augusto Carneiro Lessa, Augusto Olympio Viveiros de Castro, João Martins de Carvalho Mourão and Annibal Freire da Fonseca. This will be done by analyzing the minutes of the meetings of the Institute, the articles published in the Journal of the IHGB and the legal and historical works of the authors. This documentary corpus makes it possible to investigate a singular form of being historian, the Judge-Historian, in a historical time that two areas of knowledge narrowed their ties. In addition, the selected material will be questioned to extract from it the theoretical, legal, political and social concerns of the judges and to verify how these issues reverberate in the construction of their historical texts. Finally, we seek to understand the utility that was attributed to History through the judgments of the past formulated by these judges. It's fundamental to this research the problematization of the category work by Michel Foucault, from the historiographycal operation developed by Michel de Certeau and the historicity regime, the heuristic tool coined by François Hartog. (AU)