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Impact of the application of treated and disinfected wastewater to inactivation of Giardia spp. in soil properties

Grant number: 17/12157-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2017
Effective date (End): February 28, 2022
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Sanitary Engineering - Environmental Sanitation
Principal Investigator:Adriano Luiz Tonetti
Grantee:Lays Paulino Leonel
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FEC). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):18/25451-9 - Impact of crop irrigation with wastewater on soil microbiota diversity, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

A major consumer of available water on the planet is agriculture, it is estimated that 70% of water global use is devoted to this activity. Thus, the reuse of sanitary effluents appears as a viable alternative to supply the demand of the agricultural sector, however one of the difficulties found to make safe reuse feasible is to determine an efficient disinfection system in the Giardia cysts inactivation. This pathogen is the most found in fecal exams around the world. Thus, the present work aims to evaluate the use of different disinfectants (calcium hypochlorite, peracetic acid, hydrogen peroxide, UV-LED radiation and the advanced H2O2 / UV-LED oxidative process) in the Giardia cysts inactivation. In addition, the research will seek to determine the impacts caused to the soil microbiota by the application of treated and disinfected effluent. For the first stage of analysis, a solution of ultrapure water, supplemented with nutrients and artificially inoculated with a known number of cysts will be used. The disinfectants will be tested at different concentrations and contact times in order to determine the ideal condition of each of them. Following the work, these ideal conditions will be tested in effluents from two treatment systems that use real sewage: a bench scale, anaerobic filter + sand filter, and another from a treatment plant in the city of Campinas-SP (UASB + Biological filter percolator). The disinfected effluents will also be evaluated with the use of toxicity tests with test organisms, and will be arranged in the soil to monitor the possible effects caused to the physical-chemical properties and the microbial community of the soil. In addition, the dry matter yield and the nutritional status of the plants that receive the disinfected effluent application will be evaluated through greenhouse experiments using sunflower, castor bean and soybean.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
LEONEL, LAYS PAULINO; TONETTI, ADRIANO LUIZ. astewater reuse for crop irrigation: Crop yield, soil and human health implications based on giardiasis epidemiolog. Science of The Total Environment, v. 775, . (17/07490-4, 17/12157-2)
LEONEL, LAYS PAULINO; BIZE, ARIANE; MARIADASSOU, MAHENDRA; MIDOUX, CEDRIC; SCHNEIDER, JERUSA; TONETTI, ADRIANO LUIZ. Impacts of disinfected wastewater irrigation on soil characteristics, microbial community composition, and crop yield. BLUE-GREEN SYSTEMS, v. 4, n. 2, p. 25-pg., . (18/25451-9, 17/12157-2, 17/07490-4)
SILVA, NOELY BOCHI; LEONEL, LAYS PAULINO; TONETTI, ADRIANO LUIZ. UV-LED for Safe Effluent Reuse in Agriculture. WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION, v. 231, n. 7, . (17/12157-2, 17/07490-4)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
LEONEL, Lays Paulino. Impact of agricultural reuse of treated and disinfected wastewater on soil properties and wheat crop yield. 2022. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo Campinas, SP.

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