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Gender question and political presence: a study about political exclusion of women in power spaces

Grant number: 17/10043-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2017
Effective date (End): May 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Political Theory
Principal Investigator:Ingrid Cyfer
Grantee:Victória dos Santos Pinheiro
Host Institution: Escola de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (EFLCH). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus Guarulhos. Guarulhos , SP, Brazil


According to the questions of the political philosopher Anne Phillips about the mechanisms that seek to confer the legitimacy of a body of representatives, a reflection is proposed on the underrepresentation of minority groups in representative democracy. Through the analysis of the Brazilian case of the discrepancy among the percentage of women who belong to the electorate and the portion occupied by all politically eleged, a comparison is proposed with the liberal belief that only individuals are entitled to the right, placing the political rights of a group at the center of the issue. From an intersectional perspective, the politics of ideas - which advocates the abolition of identity differences within the political field and believes in the intellectual confrontation between abstract citizens - is challenged by a policy of presence that believes in diversity as a matter of experience and identity. The issue studied in the research is based on the analysis of the limits of these two forms of representation and the demands for a equitable political system on a gender perspective; and asks: insofar as a body of representatives differs completely from the set of constituents, can we regard it as a fair form of representation? (AU)

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