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Appetite of heart failure patients and its relationship with quality of life and depressive symptoms

Grant number: 20/02690-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2021
Effective date (End): January 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nursing - Medical-Surgical Nursing
Principal researcher:Camila Takáo Lopes
Grantee:Gabriela de Angeli de Martini
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Enfermagem (EPE). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil


In Brazil, there is a scarcity of studies that associate depression, appetite and quality of life (QOL) in patients with heart failure (HF). The knowledge gained from the following study could contribute to improving the QOL of these patients, by guiding more appropriate interventions. Objective: To assess the relationship between depressive symptoms, appetite and quality of life in hospitalized patients with heart failure. Materials and methods: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study will be conducted with patients with HF hospitalized in any sector of Hospital São Paulo, for any reason. The independent variables will be depressive symptoms and appetite. The dependent variable will be QOL. The covariates will be classified into sociodemographic and clinical. Depressive symptoms will be measured using the Beck II Depression Inventory (BDI-II). Appetite will be considered a continuous variable, measured according to the Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (QNSA). Quality of life will be considered a continuous variable, measured by the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ). Sociodemographic and clinical variables will be analyzed descriptively, using measures of central tendency and dispersion. The relationships between the MLHFQ score, the QNSA score and the BDI classification will be assessed by means of simple and multiple linear regression, while controlling for sociodemographic and clinical covariates.

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