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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Sequential extraction of bioactive compounds from Melia azedarach L. in fixed bed extractor using CO2, ethanol and water

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Author(s):
Bitencourt, Raphaela G. [1] ; Queiroga, Carmen L. [2] ; Duarte, Gustavo H. B. [3] ; Eberlin, Marcos N. [3] ; Kohn, Luciana K. [4] ; Arns, Clarice W. [4] ; Cabral, Fernando A. [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Food Engn, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Chem Biol & Agr Pluridisciplinary Res Ctr CPQBA, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Chem, ThoMSon Mass Spectrometry Lab, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Virol Lab, BR-13084971 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS; v. 95, p. 355-363, NOV 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 12
Abstract

Melia azedarach L. is a plant with wide use in folk medicine since it contains many bioactive compounds of interest. The present study aimed to extract bioactive compounds from M. azedarach fruits by a sequential process in fixed bed using various solvent mixtures. Extractions were performed at 50 degrees C and 300 bar in four sequential steps using supercritical CO2 (scCO(2)), scCO(2)/ethanol, pure ethanol, and ethanol/water mixture as solvents, respectively. The efficacy of the extraction process was evaluated by extraction yield and kinetics, and analysis of extracts by: (1) thin layer chromatography (TLC), (2) phenolics content, (3) reduction of surface tension of water, (4) gas chromatography (GC-MS), (5) electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and (6) antiviral activity. The overall extraction yield reached 45% and TLC analysis showed extracts with different composition. extract obtained from CO2/ethanol mixture (SCEE) exhibited the greatest ability to reduce surface tension of water from 72.4 mN m(-1) {[}1] of pure water to 26.9 mN m(-1) of an aqueous solution of 40 g L-1. The highest phenolics contents were observed in both the hydroalcoholic extract and scCO(2)/ethanolic extract. Volatile oils were not detected in the supercritical extracts by GC-MS. MS analyses identified the fatty acids: linoleic, palmitic and myristic acid in the supercritical extract (SCE), and the phenolics: caffeic acid and malic acid in the other extracts. In addition, SCE and SCEE extracts showed significant inhibition percentage against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1. The extraction process proposed in the present study produced extracts with significant potential for application in food and pharmaceutical industries. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/20736-9 - Use of supercritical technology to fractionate saponins in natural extracts
Grantee:Raphaela Gabrí Bitencourt
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master