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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Downhill Running Excessive Training Inhibits Hypertrophy in Mice Skeletal Muscles with Different Fiber Type Composition

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Author(s):
Da Rocha, Alisson L. [1] ; Pereira, Bruno C. [1] ; Pauli, Jose R. [2] ; De Souza, Claudio T. [3] ; Teixeira, Giovana R. [4] ; Lira, Fabio S. [4] ; Cintra, Dennys E. [2] ; Ropelle, Eduardo R. [2] ; Carlos, Jr., R. B. [5] ; Da Silva, Adelino S. R. [1, 5]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Postgrad Program Rehabil & Funct Performance, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Sport Sci Course, Fac Sci Appl, Limeira, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Far Southern Santa Catarina, Exercise Biochem & Physiol Lab, Postgrad Program Hlth Sci, Hlth Sci Unit, Criciuma, SC - Brazil
[4] State Univ Sao Paulo, UNESP, Dept Phys Educ, Presidente Prudente, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Cellular Physiology; v. 231, n. 5, p. 1045-1056, MAY 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 14
Abstract

The aim of this study was to verify the effects of running overtraining protocols performed in downhill, uphill, and without inclination on the proteins related to hypertrophy signaling pathway in extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus of C57BL/6 mice. We also performed histological and stereological analyses. Rodents were divided into control (CT; sedentary mice), overtrained by downhill running (OTR/down), overtrained by uphill running (OTR/up), and overtrained by running without inclination (OTR). The incremental load, exhaustive, and grip force tests were used as performance evaluation parameters. 36h after the grip force test, EDL and soleus were removed and immediately used for immunoblotting analysis or stored at -80 degrees C for histological and stereological analyses. For EDL, OTR/down decreased the protein kinase B (Akt) and tuberous sclerosis protein 2 (TSC2) phosphorylation (p), and increased myostatin, receptor-activated Smads (pSMAD2-3), and insulin receptor substrate-1 (pIRS-1; Ser307/636). OTR/down also presented low and high relative proportions of cytoplasm and connective tissue, respectively. OTR/up increased the mammalian target of rapamycin (pmTOR), 70-kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (pS6K1) and pSMAD2-3, and decreased pTSC2. OTR decreased pTSC2 and increased pIRS-1 (Ser636). For soleus, OTR/down increased S6 ribosomal protein (pS6RP) and pSMAD2-3, and decreased pIRS-1 (Ser639). OTR/up decreased pS6K1, pS6RP and pIRS-1 (Ser639), and increased pTSC2 (Ser939), and pSMAD2-3. OTR increased pS6RP, 4E-binding protein-1 (p4E-BP1), pTSC2 (Ser939), and pSMAD2-3, and decreased pIRS-1 (Ser639). In summary, OTR/down inhibited the skeletal muscle hypertrophy with concomitant signs of atrophy in EDL. The effects of OTR/up and OTR depended on the analyzed skeletal muscle type. J. Cell. Physiol. 231: 1045-1056, 2016. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/19985-7 - Effects of overtraining induced by exercise in treadmill without inclination, uphill and downhill on the content and activation of proteins of insulin signaling pathway and inflamation in mice
Grantee:Bruno Cesar Pereira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 14/25459-9 - Nonfunctional overreaching in animal model: inflammatory and hypertrophic adaptions of the cardiac muscle
Grantee:Alisson Luiz da Rocha
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 13/20591-3 - Responses of proteins from the inflammatory, insulinic and hypertrophic molecular pathways to nonfunctional overreaching induced by treadmill running performed in downhill, without inclination and uphill in skeletal muscle of mice
Grantee:Adelino Sanchez Ramos da Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/22737-5 - Effects of nonfunctional overreaching induced by treadmill running performed in downhill, without inclination and uphill in content and activation of the mTOR pathway proteins in skeletal muscle of mice
Grantee:Alisson Luiz da Rocha
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation