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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Stratigraphic framework and evolution of the Cretaceous continental sequences of the Bauru, Sanfranciscana, and Parecis basins, Brazil

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Author(s):
Batezelli, Alessandro [1] ; Bernardes Ladeira, Francisco Sergio [2]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Geosci Inst, Dept Geol & Nat Resource, DGRN, IG, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Geosci Inst, Dept Geog, DGRN, IG, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of South American Earth Sciences; v. 65, p. 1-24, JAN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 14
Abstract

With the breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, the South American Plate has undergone an intense process of tectonic restructuring that led to the genesis of the interior basins that encompassed continental sedimentary sequences. The Brazilian Bauru, Sanfranciscana and Parecis basins during Late Cretaceous have had their evolution linked to this process of structuring and therefore have very similar sedimentary characteristics. The purpose of this study is to establish a detailed understanding of alluvial sedimentary processes and architecture within a stratigraphic sequence framework using the concept of the stratigraphic base level or the ratio between the accommodation space and sediment supply. The integration of the stratigraphic and facies data contributed to defining the stratigraphic architecture of the Bauru, Sanfranciscana and Parecis Basins, supporting a model for continental sequences that depicts qualitative changes in the sedimentation rate (S) and accommodation space (A) that occurred during the Cretaceous. This study discusses the origin of the unconformity surfaces (K-0, K-1 and K-1A) that separate Sequences 1, 2A and 2B and the sedimentary characteristics of the Bauru, Sanfranciscana and Parecis Basins from the Aptian to the Maastrichtian, comparing the results with other Cretaceous Brazilian basins. The lower Cretaceous Sequence 1 (Caiua and Areado groups) is interpreted as a low accommodation systems tract compound by fluvial and aeolian systems. The upper Cretaceous lacustrine, braided river-dominated alluvial fan and aeolian systems display characteristics of the evolution from high-to low-accommodation systems tracts (Sequences 2A and 2B). Unconformity K-0 is related to the origin of the Bauru Basin itself in the Early Cretaceous. In Sanfranciscana and Parecis basins, the unconformity K-0 marks the contact between aeolian deposits from Lower Cretaceous and Upper Cretaceous alluvial systems (Sequences 1 and 2). Unconformity K-1, which was generated in the Late Cretaceous, is related to an increase of the A/S ratio, whereas Unconformity K-1A is the result of the decrease in the A/S ratio. Unconformity K-1A bound Sequence 2A (lacustrine and fluvial systems) and Sequence 2B (alluvial deposits) in Bauru Basin whereas in the Sanfranciscana and Parecis basins this unconformity marks the transition from alluvial system to aeolian system (Sequences 2A and 2B). Changes in depositional style in both basins correspond to two distinct tectonic moments occurring within the South American plate. The first associated with post-volcanic thermal subsidence of the Early Cretaceous (Serra Geral and Tapirapua volcanismos), and the second moment associated with the uplift occurred in the Late Cretaceous (Alto Paranaiba, Vilhena and Serra Formosa Arcs). (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/19787-2 - Stratigraphic relationship and Paleogeography of the Upper Cretaceous in the Bauru, Sanfranciscana and Parecis basins
Grantee:Alessandro Batezelli
Support type: Regular Research Grants