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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Predicting evolution of insect resistance to transgenic crops in within-field refuge configurations, based on larval movement

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Author(s):
Garcia, Adriano G. ; Ferreira, Claudia P. ; Consoli, Fernando L. ; Godoy, Wesley A. C.
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: ECOLOGICAL COMPLEXITY; v. 28, p. 94-103, DEC 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 9
Abstract

The selection pressure imposed by the widespread use of transgenic technologies can lead to the evolution of insect resistance, and the availability of refuge areas that allow susceptible homozygous insects to survive is a key factor in delaying the evolution of resistance in agricultural landscapes. Different strategies to exploit refuge areas exist, but several insect-related ecological traits may directly affect the efficiency of refuges in slowing the development of resistance. Insect larval movement is one such trait that may affect the management of resistance, depending on the refuge strategy adopted. We developed a computational model to simulate how larval movement would affect the spatio-temporal dynamics of the evolution of resistance of insect pests to Bt crops, under different refuge configurations. In order to test the model, we used population data for Spodoptera frugiperda, one of the main target pests for control with Bt toxins. Simulations were run for spatial arrangements composed of three refuge configurations (seed mixture, blocks, and strips), with sizes ranging from 20% to 50% for two types of resistance (incomplete and complete) and three rates of larval movement (proportion of larvae moving per time step), equal to 0, 0.1 and 0.5. We demonstrated that with a seed mixture, in most cases the higher the rate of larval movement, the higher the proportion of resistant insects in the population in an area, regardless of the type of resistance tested. Strip configurations showed the opposite trend. In a block configuration, the number of resistant larvae was highest at an intermediate dispersal rate (0.1). We concluded that larval movement is an important variable affecting the evolution of resistance to Bt crops, but its effect depends on the type of resistance and the configuration and size of the refuge. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/16609-7 - A multi - and interdisciplinary approach to understand spatio-temporal patterns of insect pests and design landscapes for sustainable pest management in tropical agricultural systems
Grantee:Wesley Augusto Conde Godoy
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/10640-2 - A mathematical approach to study the spatio-temporal dynamics of agricultural pests on Bt crops and the establishment of refugee
Grantee:Adriano Gomes Garcia
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/00831-8 - Predicting the spatial-temporal distribution of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) populations in agricultural landscapes from Florida (usa)
Grantee:Adriano Gomes Garcia
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate