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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Thymus vulgaris L. extract has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects in the absence of cytotoxicity and genotoxicity

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de Oliveira, Jonatas Rafael [1] ; Viegas, Daiane de Jesus [1] ; Requia Martins, Ana Paula [1] ; Talge Carvalho, Claudio Antonio [2] ; Soares, Cristina Pacheco [3] ; Afonso Camargo, Samira Esteves [1] ; Cardoso Jorge, Antonio Olavo [1] ; de Oliveira, Luciane Dias [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Sci & Technol, Dept Biosci & Oral Diag, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Sci & Technol, Dept Restorat Dent, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Vale Paraiba UNIVAP, Inst Res & Dev, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: ARCHIVES OF ORAL BIOLOGY; v. 82, p. 271-279, OCT 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 4

Objectives: This study evaluated the biological effects of the T. vulgaris L. extract., such as antimicrobial activity on planktonic cultures and mono- and polymicrobial biofilms, cytotoxicity, anti-inflammatory activity and genotoxicity. Methods: Monomicrobial biofilms of Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus mutans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and polymicrobial biofilms composed by C. albicans with each bacterium were formed for 48 h and exposed for 5 min to the plant extract. Murine macrophages (RAW 264.7), human gingival fibroblasts (FMM-1), human breast carcinoma cells (MCF-7) and cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa) were also exposed to the plant extract for 5 min and the cell viability were analyzed by MTT, neutral red (NR) and crystal violet (CV) assays. Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) produced by RAW 264.7 was quantified by ELISA, after 24 h exposure to the plant extract, both in the absence and presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli. Genotoxicity of the plant extract was evaluated by micronucleus formation (MN) in 1000 cells. The results were analyzed by T-Test or ANOVA and Tukey's Test (P <= 0.05). Results: All biofilms showed significant reductions in CFU/mL (colony-forming units per milliliter). Cell viability was above 50% for all cell lines. Anti-inflammatory effect on the synthesis of IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha was observed. The MN was similar or lower than the control group in all cells. Conclusions: T. vulgaris L. extract was effective against all biofilms, promoted high cell viability, anti-inflammatory effect and presented no genotoxicity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/22149-9 - Thymus vulgaris (thyme): in vitro study of their antibiofilm activity and cytotoxicity
Grantee:Ana Paula Requia Martins
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Grantee:Luciane Dias de Oliveira
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants