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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genetic diversity of reintroduced tree populations in restoration plantations of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

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Author(s):
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Zucchi, Maria I. [1] ; Sujii, Patricia S. [2] ; Mori, Gustavo M. [1] ; Viana, Joao P. G. [2] ; Grando, Carolina [2] ; Silvestre, Ellida de Aguiar [2] ; Schwarcz, Kaiser D. [2] ; Macrini, Camila M. [1] ; Bajay, Miklos M. [3] ; Araujo, Fabiano L. [4] ; Siqueira, Marcos V. B. M. [1] ; Alves-Pereira, Alessandro [3] ; de Souza, Anete P. [5] ; Pinheiro, Jose B. [3] ; Rodrigues, Ricardo R. [6] ; Brancalion, Pedro H. S. [7]
Total Authors: 16
Affiliation:
[1] Agencia Paulista Tecnol Agronegocios, Polo Reg Desenvolvimento Tecnol Ctr Sul, Rodovia SP 127, Km 30, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Genet Evolut & Bioagents, Ave Candido Rondon 400, Cidade Univ Zeferino Vaz, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Genet, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[4] Agron Inst Campinas, Ave Barao de Itapura 1481, BR-13020902 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Plant Biol, Ave Candido Rondon 400, Cidade Univ Zeferino Vaz, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biol Sci, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Forest Sci, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: RESTORATION ECOLOGY; v. 26, n. 4, p. 694-701, JUL 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

Long-term ecological success of large-scale restoration programs planned for the next decades will rely on genetic diversity (GD) of reintroduced or colonizing species, a limiting factor in highly fragmented landscapes. In small and isolated natural remnants or restoration areas, substantial reduction in population's size or connectivity may lead to local extinctions due to the accumulation of deleterious recessive alleles and ongoing reduction of fecundity, plant vigor, recruitment success, and adaptive potential. Despite the paramount role of GD for species persistence, its levels in restoration programs are poorly known. We assessed the GD of four model tree species (different succession stages, dispersal, and pollination syndromes) from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, comparing two high-diversity restoration plantations, one forest fragment and one conserved remnant. Contrary to the expectation that the plantation strategies adopted in the restoration programs could result in genetic composition homogenization, we found that restoration areas established heterogeneous genetic groups with similar levels of neutral GD and inbreeding to those observed in natural forest remnants. This pattern was consistent across the four functionally different tree species, despite some species idiosyncrasies. For instance, we observed lower allelic richness in early successional species in restoration sites, suggesting that some species may be more prone to reintroduction with lower GD. Thus, we advocate the use of high GD levels in restoration to support biodiversity conservation in human-modified landscapes, thus reinforcing the role of ecological restoration for recovering the diversity of genesthe basic constituent of biodiversity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/06431-0 - Genetic diversity and mating system of Myroxylon peruiferum, a species with phytoterapic potential, aiming the genetic enrichment in the area in forest restoration process.
Grantee:Ellida de Aguiar Silvestre
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/11137-7 - Genetic diversity, genomics and phylogeography of manioc (Manihot esculenta Crantz): implications for the dispersion of the crop along the main fluvial axes in Brazilian Amazon basin
Grantee:Alessandro Alves Pereira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/01364-9 - A genetic approach for simulating persistence of reintroduced tree species populations in tropical forest restoration plantings
Grantee:Patricia Sanae Sujii
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/21295-3 - Divesity, Genetic Structure and Population Genomics of Centrolobium tomentosum in natives and restaured áreas of Brazilian Atlantic Forest.
Grantee:Camila Menezes Trindade Macrini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/03246-8 - Genetic diversity and structure and reproductive system in Centrolobium tomentosum Guillem. Bentham (Fabaceae) aiming to support genetic enrichment in areas of forest restoration
Grantee:Patricia Sanae Sujii
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/50296-8 - Conservation biology of Atlantic Forest’s medicinal species: a genetical approach to Forest restorations
Grantee:Maria Imaculada Zucchi
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/06349-0 - Population genomics of neotropical trees: identification of genes associated with natural selection in different phytophysiognomies
Grantee:Kaiser Dias Schwarcz
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/08086-1 - Population and functional genomics and an ecophysiological approach on the evolutionary study of neotropical mangrove species in face of historical and current climate changes
Grantee:Gustavo Maruyama Mori
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/05762-6 - Conservation genomic of Casearia sylvestris in Cerrado and Mata Atlântica from Southest region of Brazil
Grantee:João Paulo Gomes Viana
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate