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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

On the taxonomy and natural history of the secretive Ischnocnema lactea (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1923) (Anura: Brachycephaloidea: Brachycephalidae)

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Silva-Soares, Thiago [1] ; Malagoli, Leo Ramos [2, 3] ; Goncalves Cruz, Carlos Alberto [1] ; Caramaschi, Ulisses [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Museu Nacl, Dept Vertebrados, BR-20940040 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Caixa Postal 199, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista, Ctr Aquicultura CAUNESP, Lab Herpetol, Caixa Postal 199, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Zootaxa; v. 4444, n. 2, p. 137-153, JUL 9 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

The original description of Ischnocnema lactea (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1923) was based on two specimens and an inaccurate type locality. These circumstances have obscured the identity of this name. Moreover, the I. lactea species has had a complex taxonomic history and, in general, specimens of species in this group are poorly represented in amphibian collections. The diagnosis of the series is confusing, with many non-exclusive and variable characters barely useful. An accurate diagnosis for the series requires a precise characterization of I. lactea, its type species. Recently discovered populations, museum data, and new information on the collector of the type specimen allowed the elucidation of important issues related to this species. Here we provide the redescription of Ischnocnema lactea based on the lectotype, and intraspecific variation based on newly collected specimens. Ischnocnema lactea is characterized by its large body size (adult 19.6-26.7 mm SVL; females 27.6-34.3 mm SVL); dorsum and flanks rugose, venter granular; vocal sac single and subgular, externally expanded; finger disks expanded, T-shaped, indented and truncate in fingers II-IV; toes relative length I<II<III<V<IV;black blotch on cloacal region, tarsus, and feet; moderate calcar tubercle present. Its advertisement call consists on a single short pulsed note ranging from 634 to 1060 milliseconds, with dominant frequency ranging from 2239.5 to 2756.2 Hz. Males call perched on vegetation mostly during daytime, starting early in the morning, and reproduction is explosive, associated to cold front rains. Ischnocnema lactea is a secretive and endemic inhabitant of the Serra do Mar in Southeastern Brazil. The type locality is redefined to the Municipality of Caraguatatuba. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/50928-1 - Speciation of frogs in high-altitude environments
Grantee:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/50741-7 - Diversity and conservation of Brazilian amphibians
Grantee:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/23677-9 - New approaches tò ecology ánd conservation: phylogenetic ánd functional diversity of amphibians ánd snakes of Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Grantee:Ricardo Jannini Sawaya
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50342-8 - Amphibians of Lagamar Mosaic protected areas: diversity, conservation and perspectives
Grantee:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Support type: Research Grants - Research Partnership for Technological Innovation - PITE