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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Comparing two arms of an orogenic belt during Gondwana amalgamation: Age and provenance of the Cuiaba Group, northern Paraguay Belt, Brazil

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Author(s):
Babinski, Manly [1] ; McGee, Ben [1] ; Tokashiki, Claudia do Couto [2] ; Tassinari, Colombo C. G. [1] ; Saes, Gerson Souza [2] ; Cavalcante Pinho, Francisco Egidio [2]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, Rua Lago 562, BR-05580080 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Mato Grosso, Inst Geociencias, Cuiaba, MT - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of South American Earth Sciences; v. 85, p. 6-42, AUG 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The Cuiaba Group is the basal part of the sequence of passive margin sediments that unconformably overly the Amazonian Craton in central Brazil. Despite these rocks importance in understanding Brazil's path in the supercontinent cycle from Rodinia to Gondwana and their potential record of catastrophic glaciation their internal stratigraphy and relationship to other units is still poorly understood. The timing of deposition and source areas for the subunits of the Cuiaba Group sedimentary rocks are investigated here using integrated U-Pb and Sm-Nd isotope data. We sampled in the northern Paraguay Belt, a range that developed in response to the collision between the Amazonian Craton, the Rio Apa Block, the Sao Francisco Craton and the Paranapanema Block. 1125 detrital zircon LA-ICPMS U-Pb ages were calculated and 22 whole rock samples were used for Sm-Nd isotope analysis. The U-Pb ages range between Archean and Neoproterozoic and the main source is the Sunsas Province. Moving up stratigraphy there is a subtle increase in slightly younger detritus with the youngest grain showing an age of 652 +/- 5 Ma, found at the top of the sequence. The age spectra are similar across each of the sampled units and when combined with the Sm-Nd data, indicate that the source of the detritus was mostly similar throughout deposition. This is consistent with the analysis here that indicates sedimentation occurred in a passive margin environment on the southern margin of the Amazonian Craton. The maximum depositional age of 652 5 Ma along with the age of the overlying cap carbonate of the Mirassol d'Oeste Formation suggests that part of this section of sediments were deposited in the purportedly global similar to 636 Ma Marinoan glaciation, although we give no sedimentological evidence for glaciation in the study area. Compared to the southern Paraguay Belt where no direct age constraints exist, the glacial epoch could be either Cryogenian or Ediacaran. In addition, available data in the literature indicates a diachronous evolution between the northern and southern arms of the Paraguay Belt in the final stages of deposition and deformation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/06114-6 - The Neoproterozoic Earth System and the rise of biological complexity
Grantee:Ricardo Ivan Ferreira da Trindade
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants