Simon, Sharon S.
Hampstead, Benjamin M.
Nucci, Mariana P.
Duran, Fabio L. S.
Fonseca, Luciana M.
Martino, Maria da Graca M.
Porto, Fabio H. G.
Brucki, Sonia M. D.
Martins, Camila B.
Tascone, Lyssandra S.
Amaro Jr, Edson
Busatto, Geraldo F.
Bottino, Cassio M. C.
Total Authors: 14
 Univ Sao Paulo, Dept & Inst Psychiat, Old Age Res Grp PROTER, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Univ Michigan, Dept Psychiat, Div Neuropsychol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 - USA
 VA Ann Arbor Healthcare Syst, Ann Arbor, MI - USA
 Univ Sao Paulo, Neuroimagem Func Lab Med Invest Magnet Resonance, Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Dept & Inst Psychiat, Fac Med, Lab Psychiat Neuroimaging LIM 21, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Dept Neurol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Paulista Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 7
FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE;
NOV 13 2018.
Web of Science Citations:
Background: Mnemonic strategy training (MST) has been shown to improve cognitive performance in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI), however, several questions remain unresolved. The goal of the present study was to replicate earlier pilot study findings using a randomized controlled design and to evaluate transfer effects and changes in brain activation. Methods: Thirty patients with a-MCI were randomized into MST or education program. At baseline, participants completed clinical and neuropsychological assessments as well as structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Interventions were administered individually and comprised four sessions, over 2 weeks. MST taught patients to use a three-step process to learn and recall face-name associations. Post-treatment assessment included fMRI, a separate face-name association task, neuropsychological tests, and measures of metamemory. Behavioral (i.e., non-fMRI) measures were repeated after one and 3-months. Results: Participants in the MST condition showed greater improvement on measures of face-name memory, and increased associative strategy use; effects that were accompanied by increased fMRI activation in the left anterior temporal lobe. While all participants reported greater contentment with their everyday memory following intervention, only the MST group reported significant improvements in their memory abilities. There was no clear indication of far-transfer effects to other neuropsychological tests. Conclusion: Results demonstrate that patients with a-MCI not only show stimulus specific benefits of MST, but that they appear capable of transferring training to at least some other cognitive tasks. MST also facilitated the use of brain regions that are involved in face processing, episodic and semantic memory, and social cognition, which are consonant with the cognitive processes engaged by training. (AU)