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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Four hundred shades of brown: Higher level phylogeny of the problematic Euptychiina (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) based on hybrid enrichment data

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Espeland, Marianne [1, 2] ; Breinholt, Jesse W. [1, 3] ; Barbosa, Eduardo P. [4, 5] ; Casagrande, Mirna M. [6] ; Huertas, Blanca [7] ; Lamas, Gerardo [8] ; Marin, Mario A. [4, 5] ; Mielke, Olaf H. H. [6] ; Miller, Jacqueline Y. [1] ; Nakahara, Shinichi [9, 1, 8] ; Tan, Denise [9, 1] ; Warren, Andrew D. [1] ; Zacca, Thamara [4, 5] ; Kawahara, Akito Y. [1] ; Freitas, Andre V. L. [4, 5] ; Willmott, Keith R. [1]
Total Authors: 16
[1] Univ Florida, Florida Museum Nat Hist, Gainesville, FL 32611 - USA
[2] Res Museum Alexander Koenig, Arthropoda Dept, Adenauer Allee 160, D-53113 Bonn - Germany
[3] RAPID Genom, 747 SW 2nd Ave IMB 14, Gainesville, FL 32601 - USA
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Rua Monteiro Lobato, 255 Cidade Univ Zeferino Vaz, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Museu Zool, Rua Monteiro Lobato, 255 Cidade Univ Zeferino Vaz, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Parana, Lab Estudos Lepidoptera Neotrop, CP 19020, BR-81531980 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[7] Nat Hist Museum London, Life Sci Dept, Cromwell Rd, London SW7 5BD - England
[8] Univ Nacl Mayor San Marcos, Museo Hist Nat, Dept Entomol, Apartado 14-0434, Lima 14 - Peru
[9] Univ Florida, Dept Entomol & Nematol, Gainesville, FL 32611 - USA
Total Affiliations: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution; v. 131, p. 116-124, FEB 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 4

Relationships within satyrine butterflies have been notoriously difficult to resolve using both morphology and Sanger sequencing methods, and this is particularly true for the mainly Neotropical subtribe Euptychiina, which contains about 400 described species. Known larvae of Euptychiina feed on grasses and sedges, with the exception of the genus Euptychia, which feed on mosses and lycopsids, and the butterflies occur widely in rainforest, cloudforest and grassland habitats, where they are often abundant. Several previous molecular and morphological studies have made significant progress in tackling the systematics of the group, but many relationships remain unresolved, with long-branch-attraction artifacts being a major problem. Additionally, the monophyly of the clade remains uncertain, with Euptychia possibly not being closely related to the remainder of the clade. Here we present a backbone phylogeny of the subtribe based on 106 taxa, 368 nuclear loci, and over 180,000 bps obtained through hybrid enrichment. Using both concatenation and species tree approaches (IQ-TREE, EXABAYES, ASTRAL), we can for the first time strongly confirm the monophyly of Euptychiina with Euptychia being the sister group to the remainder of the clade. The Euptychiina is divided into nine well supported clades, but the placement of a few genera such as Hermeuptychia, Pindis and the Chloreuptychia catharina group still remain uncertain. As partially indicated in previous studies, the genera Cissia, Chloreuptychia, Magneuptychia, Megisto, Splendeuptychia and Euptychoides, among others, were found to be highly polyphyletic and revisions are in preparation. The phylogeny will provide a strong backbone for the analysis of datasets in development that are much more taxonomically comprehensive but have orders of magnitude fewer loci. This study therefore represents a critical step towards resolving the higher classification and studying the evolution of this highly diverse lineage. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/15873-8 - Systematics and patterns of biogeographical distribution of butterflies' genera from Euptychiina subtribe (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae)
Grantee:Eduardo de Proença Barbosa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/16481-0 - Phylogeny, systematic, and biogeography of the butterflies Pareuptychia clade (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae: Euptychiina)
Grantee:Mario Alejandro Marín Uribe
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/50260-6 - Structure and evolution of the Amazonian biota and its environment: an integrative approach
Grantee:Lúcia Garcez Lohmann
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/50225-3 - Natural history, phylogeny and conservation of Neotropical Lepidoptera
Grantee:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: a multidisciplinary framework for biodiversity prediction in the Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot
Grantee:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants