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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Parabronchial remodeling in chicks in response to embryonic hypoxia

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do Amaral-Silva, Lara [1, 2] ; Lambertz, Markus [3, 4] ; Zara, Fernando Jose [5, 6] ; Klein, Wilfried [2, 7] ; Gargaglioni, Luciane Helena [1, 2] ; Bicego, Kenia Cardoso [1, 2]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Anim Morphol & Physiol, Coll Agr & Vet Sci, UNESP, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP, Natl Inst Sci & Technol Comparat Physiol INCT Fis, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[3] Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms Univ Bonn, Inst Zool, D-53115 Bonn - Germany
[4] Zool Forsch Museum Alexander Koenig, Sekt Herpetol, D-53113 Bonn - Germany
[5] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, IEAMar, Dept Appl Biol, Invertebrate Morphol Lab, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[6] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, CAUNESP Coll Agr & Vet Sci, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Philosophy Sci & Literature Ribeirao Preto, Dept Biol, BR-14040901 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Experimental Biology; v. 222, n. 10 MAY 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The embryonic development of parabronchi occurs mainly during the second half of incubation in precocious birds, which makes this phase sensitive to possible morphological modifications induced by O-2 supply limitation. Thus, we hypothesized that hypoxia during the embryonic phase of parabronchial development induces morphological changes that remain after hatching. To test this hypothesis, chicken embryos were incubated entirely (21 days) under normoxia or partially under hypoxia (15% O-2 during days 12 to 18). Lung structures, including air capillaries, blood capillaries, infundibula, atria, parabronchial lumen, bronchi, blood vessels larger than capillaries and interparabronchial tissue, in 1- and 10-day-old chicks were analyzed using light microscopy-assisted stereology. Tissue barrier and surface area of air capillaries were measured using electron microscopy-assisted stereology, allowing for calculation of the anatomical diffusion factor. Hypoxia increased the relative volumes of air and blood capillaries, structures directly involved in gas exchange, but decreased the relative volumes of atria in both groups of chicks, and the parabronchial lumen in older chicks. Accordingly, the surface area of the air capillaries and the anatomical diffusion factor were increased under hypoxic incubation. Treatment did not alter total lung volume, relative volumes of infundibula, bronchi, blood vessels larger than capillaries, interparabronchial tissue or the tissue barrier of any group. We conclude that hypoxia during the embryonic phase of parabronchial development leads to a morphological remodeling, characterized by increased volume density and respiratory surface area of structures involved in gas exchange at the expense of structures responsible for air conduction in chicks up to 10 days old. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/13386-4 - Putative role of nitric oxide and greline as mediators/modulators of the febrile response in broiler chicks
Grantee:Kênia Cardoso Bícego
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/01861-2 - Effect of hypoxia during late phase of incubation on post-hatching lung structures in broiler
Grantee:Lara do Amaral Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 08/57712-4 - The National Institute of Comparative Physiological Research
Grantee:Augusto Shinya Abe
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants