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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A new frog of the Leptodactylus fuscus species group (Anura: Leptodactylidae), endemic from the South American Gran Chaco

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Schneider, Rosio G. [1] ; Cardozo, Dario E. [1] ; Brusquetti, Francisco [2] ; Kolenc, Francisco [3] ; Borteiro, Claudio [3] ; Haddad, Celio [4, 5] ; Basso, Nestor G. [6] ; Baldo, Diego [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Nacl Misiones, Fac Ciencias Exactas Quim & Nat, Inst Biol Subtrop CONICET UNaM, Lab Genet Evolut, Posadas, Misiones - Argentina
[2] Inst Invest Biol Paraguay, Asuncion - Paraguay
[3] Museo Nacl Hist Nat, Secc Herpetol, Montevideo - Uruguay
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Dept Zool, Inst Biociencias, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Ctr Aquicultura, CAUNESP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Inst Diversidad & Evoluc Austral IDEAUS CONICET, Puerto Madryn, Chubut - Argentina
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: PeerJ; v. 7, OCT 11 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

A new species of Leptodactylus frog (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from the South American Gran Chaco, morphologically similar and previously confused with the widespread Leptodactylus mystacinus, is described through the use of multiple sources of evidence (molecular, external morphology, coloration, osteology, bioacoustics, and behavior). The phylogenetic analysis with partial sequences of mitochondrial rDNA genes (12S and 16S) recovered the new species within the L. fuscus group, being highly divergent (>3% genetic distance in 16S). The new species was recovered as sister taxa of L. mystacinus, from which it is distinguished by tympanum coloration, cephalic index, dorsum and legs coloration, and some osteological differences in nasals and prevomers. This new frog is characterized by a moderate body size (SVL 46.80-66.21 mm), distinctive color pattern (reddish dorsal surfaces of body with noticeable black stripes in the dorsolateral folds), a circular and dark tympanum with dark tympanic annuli, and behavior of males that call on top of fallen logs and tree branches close to the ground. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/50741-7 - Diversity and conservation of Brazilian amphibians
Grantee:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50342-8 - Amphibians of Lagamar Mosaic protected areas: diversity, conservation and perspectives
Grantee:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Support type: Research Grants - Research Partnership for Technological Innovation - PITE