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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Chronic uphill and downhill exercise protocols do not lead to sarcomerogenesis in mouse skeletal muscle

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Author(s):
Morais, Gustavo Paroschi [1] ; da Rocha, Alisson L. [2] ; Neave, Louise M. [3] ; Lucas, Guilherme de A. [4] ; Leonard, Timothy R. [5] ; Carvalho, Andrea [4] ; da Silva, Adelino Sanchez R. [2, 1] ; Herzog, Walter [5]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport Ribeirao Preto, Postgrad Program Phys Educ & Sport, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Postgrad Program Rehabil & Funct Performance, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[3] Univ British Columbia, Mat Engn, Fac Sci Appl, Vancouver, BC - Canada
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Sch Med, Dept Physiol, Lab Pain Neurobiol, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[5] Univ Calgary, Fac Kinesiol, 2500 Univ Dr NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4 - Canada
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS; v. 98, JAN 2 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

It has been suggested that eccentric contraction (EC) is associated with increases in serially arranged sarcomeres (sarcomerogenesis), while concentric contraction (CC) has been associated with serial sarcomeres decrease. Sarcomerogenesis following EC is thought to be a protective muscle adaptation, preventing muscle injury in future eccentric exercise bouts (repeated bout effect). However, the mechanisms underlying sarcomerogenesis in EC remain unknown, and the sarcomerogenic responses observed in response to EC and CC are contradictory. We measured sarcomere length, sarcomere length uniformity, serial sarcomere number, and fascicle length in gastrocnemius medialis, tibialis anterior, vastus medialis and vastus lateralis in sedentary (SED) mice, and in mice following protocols of moderate uphill (TRU) and downhill (TRD) training and uphill (OTU) and downhill (OTD) overtraining. We found pain sensitivity after the first bout of EC exercise on TRD and OTD followed by a normalized sensory response after four weeks of training, indicating a repeated bout effect. However, these findings were not associated with sarcomerogenesis, as serial sarcomere numbers did not increase in TRD and OTD skeletal muscle samples compared to controls (SED). However, we found a decrease in serial sarcomere number in VL and TA in OTU group mice, which was associated with a decrease in fascicle length and no change of sarcomere length at the tested joint configuration. We conclude that excessive concentric muscle contraction (OTU group mice), leads to a decrease in serial sarcomere number, while moderate or excessive eccentric training, did not result in sarcomerogenesis, as reported in the literature. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/25766-4 - Excess of eccentric exercise, mechanical load on the knee joint and osteoarthritis in C57BL/6 mice
Grantee:Gustavo Paroschi Morais
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 17/13251-2 - Excess of eccentric exercise, mechanical load on the knee joint and osteoarthritis in C57BL/6 mice
Grantee:Gustavo Paroschi Morais
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
FAPESP's process: 17/09038-1 - EFFECTS OF REGULAR PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND OVERTRAINING ON THE BEHAVIOR OF THE AUTOPHAGIC PATHWAY IN DIFFERENT TISSUES OF MICE.
Grantee:Adelino Sanchez Ramos da Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants