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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Selective Trust and Theory of Mind in Brazilian Children: Effects of Culture or Socioeconomic Background?

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Author(s):
Souza, Debora de Hollanda [1] ; Suarez, Sarah [2] ; Koenig, Melissa Ann [3]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Boston Univ, Boston, MA 02215 - USA
[3] Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF COGNITION AND DEVELOPMENT; v. 22, n. 2 JAN 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The present study was the first to investigate the ability to selectively trust reliable informants in a sample of Brazilian preschool children from two different socioeconomic backgrounds. Ninety-three 3- and 4-year-old children, equally distributed across a low- and medium-SES group, participated. A standard selective trust task was used. Participants also completed the Scale of Theory-of Mind Tasks and a vocabulary test (PPVT). Children from the mid-SES group showed higher vocabulary and theory-of-mind scores, but surprisingly, their performance in the selective trust task was significantly worse than the low-SES group. No age effect was found, but results suggest a significant main effect of condition, with participants performing better when an accurate informant was pitted against a neutral informant in comparison to when an inaccurate informant was pitted against a neutral informant. This pattern of results contrasts with previous evidence with 3-year-old children in the U.S., who showed more selective performance in the presence of inaccurate informants. These findings are the first to demonstrate the influence of family SES on selective learning in childhood and point to promising lines of investigation on how mechanisms of selective trust may vary across socioeconomic contexts. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/11050-9 - Do as I say, not as I do: children's use of speaker behavior and testimony in their judgments to trust
Grantee:Débora de Hollanda Souza
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research
FAPESP's process: 10/11757-7 - The development of selective trust: an investigation on the effects of culture and social cognition
Grantee:Débora de Hollanda Souza
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50909-8 - INCT 2014: Behavior, Cognition and Teaching (INCT-ECCE): relational learning and symbolic functioning
Grantee:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 08/57705-8 - Institute for the Study of Behavior, Cognition and Teaching
Grantee:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants