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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Does the Effect of Replacing Cottonseed Meal with Dried Distiller's Grains on Nellore Bulls Finishing Phase Vary between Pasture and Feedlot?

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Author(s):
Hoffmann, Alvair [1] ; Berca, Andressa Scholz [1] ; Cardoso, Abmael da Silva [1] ; Fonseca, Natalia Vilas Boas [1] ; Silva, Maria Luisa Curvelo [1] ; Leite, Rhaony Goncalves [1] ; Ruggieri, Ana Claudia [1] ; Reis, Ricardo Andrade [1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Anim Sci, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANIMALS; v. 11, n. 1 JAN 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Simple Summary The use of less costly products that are not consumed by humans in animal feed has gained increasing attention in the context of sustainable production. Dried distiller's grains (DDG), a co-product of the production of ethanol from corn, stands out for being efficient in the nutrition of ruminants, meeting both the energy and protein demands of the diets, when the cattle are kept in the pasture or feedlot. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of replacing cottonseed meal (CM) by DDG in two levels (50% (50DDG) and 100% (100DDG)), in terms of efficiency in the productive aspects of cattle finishing phase comparing pasture versus feedlot. The effect of replacing CM by DDG on dry matter, nutrients intake and nutrients digestibility depends on finishing system. While in the pasture system animal consumed more nutrients in the CM, a greater intake was observed in the 100DDG in feedlot. The nutrients digestibility was lower in the pasture. Animal performance and final body weight were higher in the feedlot. The use of DDG does not change the animal performance finished in pasture or feedlot, and it is a viable alternative to replace conventional supplements in finishing phase in both systems in tropical environment. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of replacing cottonseed meal by dried distiller's grains (DDG) in terms of efficiency in the productive aspects of beef cattle finishing in pasture versus feedlot. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design in a 2 x 3 factorial arrangement, with two production systems (pasture versus feedlot) and three supplements: CM, conventional supplement with cottonseed meal (CM) as a protein source; 50DDG: supplement with 50% replacement of CM by DDG; and 100DDG: 100% replacement. The effect of replacing CM by DDG on dry matter and nutrients intake and nutrients digestibility depends on the finishing system (p < 0.05). While in the pasture system animal consumed more nutrients in the CM, a greater intake was observed in the 100DDG in feedlot. The nutrients digestibility was lower in the pasture (p < 0.05). Animal performance and final body weight were higher in the feedlot (p < 0.0001), with averages of 1.57 kg/d and 566 kg of final body weight (FBW) for feedlot, and 0.99 kg/d and 504 kg FBW for pasture. The use of DDG does not change the animal performance finished in pasture or feedlot, and it is a viable alternative to replace conventional supplements in finishing phase in both systems in tropical environment. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/11274-5 - Decomposition of litter and greenhouse gases emission in Brachiaria grasses with increasing nitrogen fertilizer rates
Grantee:Abmael da Silva Cardoso
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/25997-4 - Effect of energy supplementation time and sources to optimize F1 Angus-Nellore growing
Grantee:Andressa Scholz Berça
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/02101-5 - Effect of substitution of cottonseed on dried grains of distillery (DDG) on metabolic and nutritional characteristics of Nelore bulls
Grantee:Ricardo Andrade Reis
Support type: Research Grants - Visiting Researcher Grant - International