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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A food-ingested sublethal concentration of thiamethoxam has harmful effects on the stingless bee Melipona scutellaris

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Miotelo, Lucas [1] ; Mendes dos Reis, Ana Luiza [1] ; Rosa-Fontana, Annelise [1] ; da Silva Pachu, Jessica Karina [2] ; Malaquias, Jose Bruno [3, 4] ; Malaspina, Osmar [1] ; Roat, Thaisa Cristina [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Gen & Appl Biol, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr ESALQ, Dept Entomol & Acarol, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Biostat, BR-18618693 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, IBB, BR-18618693 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Chemosphere; v. 288, n. 1 FEB 2022.
Web of Science Citations: 0

In recent years, the importance of bee's biodiversity in the Neotropical region has been evidencing the relevance of including native bees in risk assessments. Therefore, the sublethal effects of the insecticide thiamethoxam on the survival and morphological parameters of the stingless bee Melipona scutellaris were investigated in the present study. Cells from both non-target organs (Malpighian tubules and midgut) and target organs (brain) were analyzed for morphological alterations using light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The findings showed that when M. scutellaris foragers were exposed to a sublethal concentration of thiamethoxam (LC50/100 = 0.000543 ng a. i./mu L), longevity was not reduced but brain function was affected, even with the non-target organs attempting to detoxify. The cellular damage in all the organs was mostly reflected in irregular nuclei shape and condensed chromatin, indicating cell death. The most frequent impairments in the Malpighian tubules were loss of microvilli, disorganization of the basal labyrinth, and cytoplasmic loss. These characteristics are related to an attempt by the cells to increase the excretion process, probably because of the high number of toxic molecules that reach the Malpighian tubules and need to be secreted. In general, damages that compromise the absorption of nutrients, excretion, memory, and learning processes, which are essential for the survival of M. scutellaris, were found. The present results also fill in gaps on how these bees respond to thiamethoxam exposure and will be useful in future risk assessments for the conservation of bee biodiversity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/21097-3 - Bee-agriculture interactions: perspectives to sustainable use
Grantee:Osmar Malaspina
Support Opportunities: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/20435-5 - Modeling with game theory of behavioral / adaptive strategies of Spodoptera frugiperda and Helicoverpa armigera in Bt crops with spatio-temporal co-occurrence
Grantee:José Bruno Malaquias
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/20380-8 - Ecological modelling of the larval dispersion of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Bt cotton: implications for evolution and resistance management
Grantee:José Bruno Malaquias
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/05953-7 - Ecological Modeling of the Resistance Evolution of Spodoptera frugiperda on Bt Cotton Mediated by Seed Contamination and Temperature Increasing
Grantee:José Bruno Malaquias
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 20/03527-3 - Differential gene expression of Melipona scutellaris Malpighi tubule transcriptomes exposed to thiamethoxam
Grantee:Lucas Miotelo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 12/13370-8 - How is the reaction of the Apis mellifera brain to a sublethal dose of thiamethoxam?
Grantee:Thaisa Cristina Roat
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants