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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Independent and Combined Effects of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior on Blood Pressure in Adolescents: Gender Differences in Two Cross-Sectional Studies

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Ferreira de Moraes, Augusto Cesar [1, 2, 3, 4] ; Carvalho, Heraclito Barbosa [2] ; Rey-Lopez, Juan Pablo [1, 2] ; Gracia-Marco, Luis [1, 5] ; Beghin, Laurent [6, 7, 8] ; Kafatos, Anthony [9] ; Jimenez-Pavon, David [1, 10] ; Molnar, Denes [11] ; De Henauw, Stefaan [12] ; Manios, Yannis [13] ; Widhalm, Kurt [14] ; Ruiz, Jonatan R. [10, 15] ; Ortega, Francisco B. [10, 15] ; Sjostrom, Michael [15] ; Polito, Angela [16] ; Pedrero-Chamizo, Raquel [17] ; Marcos, Ascension [18] ; Gottrand, Frederic [6, 7, 8] ; Moreno, Luis A. [1, 19, 2]
Total Authors: 19
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[1] Univ Zaragoza, GENUD Growth Exercise Nutr & Dev, Zaragoza - Spain
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Pontificia Univ Catolica Parana PUCPR, GEPECIN Sci Nutr Grp Res, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, GICRAF Sci Res Grp Related Phys Act, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Exeter, Sch Sport & Hlth Sci, Exeter, Devon - England
[6] Univ Lille Nord France, Lille - France
[7] Unite Inserm U995, Lille - France
[8] Ctr Invest Clin, Inserm CH& U, CIC 9301, Lille - France
[9] Univ Crete, Sch Med, Prevent Med & Nutr Unit, Iraklion, Crete - Greece
[10] Univ Granada, Sch Sport Sci, Dept Phys Educ & Sports, PROFITH Grp, Granada - Spain
[11] Univ Pecs, Fac Med, Dept Paediat, Pecs - Hungary
[12] Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, B-9000 Ghent - Belgium
[13] Harokopio Univ, Dept Nutr & Dietet, Athens - Greece
[14] Med Univ Vienna, Dept Pediat, Div Nutr & Metab, Vienna - Austria
[15] Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci, Unit Prevent Nutr, Stockholm - Sweden
[16] Natl Inst Food & Nutr Res, Rome - Italy
[17] Univ Politecn Madrid, Madrid - Italy
[18] Spanish Natl Res Council, Food Sci & Technol & Nutr Inst, Dept Metab & Nutr, Immunonutr Res Grp, Madrid - Spain
[19] Univ Zaragoza, Sch Hlth Sci, Zaragoza - Spain
Total Affiliations: 19
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 8, n. 5 MAY 1 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 20

Objectives: To examine the independent and combined association of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) on both systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in adolescents from two observational studies. Methods: Participants from two cross-sectional studies, one conducted in Europe (n = 3,308; HELENA study) and the other in Brazil (n = 991; BRACAH study), were selected by complex sampling. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (outcomes), PA and SB, both independently and combined, and potential confounders were analyzed. Associations were examined by multilevel linear regression. Results: Performing the recommended amount of PA (>= 60 min/d) attenuated the effect of SB on DBP in BRACAH study girls and in boys from both studies. In contrast, PA did not attenuate the effects of SB on the SBP of girls in the HELENA study. The combination of less than recommended levels of PA with 2-4 h/d of sedentary behavior was found to be associated with increased SBP in boys from both studies. Conclusions: Meeting current PA recommendations could mediate the association between SB and DBP in both sexes. In boys, the joint effect of low levels of PA and excessive sedentary activity increases SBP levels. Longitudinal studies are required to confirm these findings. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/20662-2 - High blood pressure and aggregation of risk factors in adolescents: a multicenter study
Grantee:Augusto César Ferreira de Moraes
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/11137-1 - High blood pressure and aggregation of risk factors in adolescents: a multicenter study
Grantee:Augusto César Ferreira de Moraes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate