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Cloud processes of the main precipitation systems in Brazil: a contribution to cloud resolving modeling and to the GPM (Global Precipitation Measurement)

Grant number: 09/15235-8
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: July 01, 2010 - June 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences
Principal Investigator:Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado
Grantee:Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado
Home Institution: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brasil). São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Gilberto Fernando Fisch
Assoc. researchers:Carlos Augusto Morales Rodriguez ; Carlos Frederico de Angelis ; Maria Assunção Faus da Silva Dias
Associated grant(s):14/08472-1 - 15th International Conference on atmospheric electricity, AR.EXT
12/11441-5 - Validation and improvements of brain precipitation satellite estimator using CHUVA field campaign dataset and passive microwave radiometer data in the Megha-Tropiques satellite context, AV.EXT
12/10878-0 - 16th International Conference on clouds and precipitation, AR.EXT
11/13673-8 - Radar and electrical studies of deep convection in Vael do Paraíba during CHUVA, AV.EXT
Associated scholarship(s):15/11987-6 - Summer storms features in São Paulo Metropolitan Region during CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba experiment, BP.IC
14/08615-7 - Precipitation formation processes: a study about microphysics, aerosols interactions and cloud life cycle using radar and airplane data, BP.DR
13/10470-4 - Interanual and interdecadal evolution of local thunderstorms in São Paulo: the role of the sea breeze, BP.IC
11/07994-6 - Parameterization of non-precipitating shallow cumulus, BP.IC
11/03093-4 - Retrieval of atmospheric parameters using Surface-Based microwave radiometry, BP.PD

Abstract

The physical process inside the clouds is one of the most unknown components of the weather and climate system. A description of the cloud processes through the use of standard meteorological parameters in numerical models has to be strongly improved to accurately describe the characteristics of hydrometeors, the latent heating profiles, the radiative balance, the air entrainment and the cloud updrafts and downdrafts. Numerical models have been improved to run at higher spatial resolutions where it is necessary to describe explicit these cloud processes. For instance, to analyze the effects of global warming in a given region is necessary to perform simulations considering all these cloud processes described above. Another important application that needs to have this knowledge is the precipitation estimation by satellite. The Brazilian space program is planning to launch, in 2014 a satellite to measure precipitation, which will be part of the GPM (Global Precipitation Measurement) constellation program. Warm clouds are responsible for a large amount of the precipitation in the tropics, especially in coastal regions. This cloud type is little studied and is not considered in satellite rainfall retrievals. This project will carry out field experiments at seven sites to investigate the different precipitation regimes in Brazil. To study these precipitation regimes, the field campaigns will make use of dual polarization radar, lidar, microwave radiometers, disdrometer, Radiosonde and various other instruments. The analysis will be performed considering the microphysical evolution and the cloud life cycle, the different precipitation estimation algorithms, the development of thunderstorms and lightning formation, the processes in the boundary layer and cloud microphysics modeling. This project intends to progress in the knowledge of the cloud processes to reduce the uncertainties in the precipitation estimation, mainly from warm clouds and consequently improving the knowledge of the water and energy budget and the cloud microphysics. This research project will carry studies on climate and physical processes by the means of conventional and special observations in order to create a database that can describe the cloud processes of the main precipitating system in Brazil. Accordingly, this proposal aims the development of a database that can be carried out to improve the remote sensing precipitation estimation thus validating and improving the cloud microphysical parameterization in the cloud models. This project will especially focus on the warm cloud precipitation produced by different types of convection. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP about the research grant
Ultrafine aerosol particles intensify rainfall in Amazon region 
Brazilian model forecasts the occurrence of lightning during storms 
Study reveals how particles that seed clouds in the Amazon are produced 
Study will make storm forecasting more accurate 
First cloud census of Brazil has been completed 
To measure the impact of pollution, aircraft will fly 200 hours over the Amazon 
Task force investigates whether Amazonia’s ‘Green Ocean’ is at risk 
A region in the state of Amazonas serves as a model laboratory for researchers 
The microphysics of clouds 
Articles published in Revista Pesquisa FAPESP about the project
An ocean in the skies  

Scientific publications (49)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ZINNER, TOBIAS; SCHWARZ, ULRICH; KOELLING, TOBIAS; EWALD, FLORIAN; JAEKEL, EVELYN; MAYER, BERNHARD; WENDISCH, MANFRED. Cloud geometry from oxygen-A-band observations through an aircraft side window. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, v. 12, n. 2, p. 1167-1181, FEB 25 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
SAPUCCI, LUIZ F.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; DE SOUZA, ENIUCE MENEZES; CAMPOS, THAMIRIS B. Global Positioning System precipitable water vapour (GPS-PWV) jumps before intense rain events: A potential application to nowcasting. METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS, v. 26, n. 1, p. 49-63, JAN 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
GAONA, MANUEL F. RIOS; OVEREEM, AART; RAUPACH, TIMOTHY H.; LEIJNSE, HIDDE; UIJLENHOET, REMKO. Rainfall retrieval with commercial microwave links in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, v. 11, n. 7, p. 4465-4476, JUL 26 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; CALHEIROS, ALAN J. P.; BISCARO, THIAGO; GIANGRANDE, SCOTT; SILVA DIAS, MARIA A. F.; CECCHINI, MICAEL A.; ALBRECHT, RACHEL; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; ARAUJO, WAGNER F.; ARTAXO, PAULO; BORRMANN, STEPHAN; BRAGA, RAMON; BURLEYSON, CASEY; EICHHOLZ, CRISTIANO W.; FAN, JIWEN; FENG, ZHE; FISCH, GILBERTO F.; JENSEN, MICHAEL P.; MARTIN, SCOT T.; POESCHL, ULRICH; POEHLKER, CHRISTOPHER; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; RIBAUD, JEAN-FRANCOIS; ROSENFELD, DANIEL; SARAIVA, JACI M. B.; SCHUMACHER, COURTNEY; THALMAN, RYAN; WALTER, DAVID; WENDISCH, MANFRED. Overview: Precipitation characteristics and sensitivities to environmental conditions during GoAmazon2014/5 and ACRIDICON-CHUVA. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 18, n. 9, p. 6461-6482, MAY 7 2018. Web of Science Citations: 3.
DA SILVA RAMOS, DIOGO NUNES; REYES FERNANDEZ, JULIO PABLO; FISCH, GILBERTO. Evolution of the Planetary Boundary Layer on the northern coast of Brazil during the CHUVA campaign. ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH, v. 203, p. 298-310, MAY 1 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
KRISNA, TRISMONO C.; WENDISCH, MANFRED; EHRLICH, ANDRE; JAEKEL, EVELYN; FRANK, WERNER A.; WEIGEL, RALF; BORRMANN, STEPHAN; MAHNKE, CHRISTOPH; POESCHL, ULRICH; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; VOIGT, CHRISTIANE; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T. Comparing airborne and satellite retrievals of cloud optical thickness and particle effective radius using a spectral radiance ratio technique: two case studies for cirrus and deep convective clouds. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 18, n. 7, p. 4439-4462, APR 3 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
CAMPONOGARA, GLAUBER; DA SILVA DIAS, MARIA ASSUNCAO FAUS; CARRIO, GUSTAVO G. 4 Biomass burning CCN enhance the dynamics of a mesoscale convective system over the La Plata Basin: a numerical approach. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 18, n. 3, p. 2081-2096, FEB 13 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
OLIVEIRA, ROMULO; MAGGIONI, VIVIANA; VILA, DANIEL; PORCACCHIA, LEONARDO. Using Satellite Error Modeling to Improve GPM-Level 3 Rainfall Estimates over the Central Amazon Region. REMOTE SENSING, v. 10, n. 2 FEB 2018. Web of Science Citations: 5.
FAN, JIWEN; ROSENFELD, DANIEL; ZHANG, YUWEI; GIANGRANDE, SCOTT E.; LI, ZHANQING; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; MARTIN, SCOT T.; YANG, YAN; WANG, JIAN; ARTAXO, PAULO; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; BRAGA, RAMON C.; COMSTOCK, JENNIFER M.; FENG, ZHE; GAO, WENHUA; GOMES, HELBER B.; MEI, FAN; POEHLKER, CHRISTOPHER; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; POESCHL, ULRICH; DE SOUZA, RODRIGO A. F. Substantial convection and precipitation enhancements by ultrafine aerosol particles. Science, v. 359, n. 6374, p. 411+, JAN 26 2018. Web of Science Citations: 27.
Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Calibration: an Overview. J. Aerosp. Technol. Manag., v. 10, p. -, 2018.
MIACCI, MARCELO; ANGELIS, CARLOS FREDERICO. Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Calibration: an Overview. JOURNAL OF AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, v. 10, 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CECCHINI, MICAEL A.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; WENDISCH, MANFRED; COSTA, ANJA; KRAEMER, MARTINA; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; AFCHINE, ARMIN; ALBRECHT, RACHEL I.; ARTAXO, PAULO; BORRMANN, STEPHAN; FUETTERER, DANIEL; KLIMACH, THOMAS; MAHNKE, CHRISTOPH; MARTIN, SCOT T.; MINIKIN, ANDREAS; MOLLEKER, SERGEJ; PARDO, LIANET H.; POEHLKER, CHRISTOPHER; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; POESCHL, ULRICH; ROSENFELD, DANIEL; WEINZIERL, BERNADETT. Illustration of microphysical processes in Amazonian deep convective clouds in the gamma phase space: introduction and potential applications. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 17, n. 23, p. 14727-14746, DEC 11 2017. Web of Science Citations: 3.
GIANGRANDE, SCOTT E.; FENG, ZHE; JENSEN, MICHAEL P.; COMSTOCK, JENNIFER M.; JOHNSON, KAREN L.; TOTO, TAMI; WANG, MENG; BURLEYSON, CASEY; BHARADWAJ, NITIN; MEI, FAN; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; MANZI, ANTONIO O.; XIE, SHAOCHENG; TANG, SHUAIQI; SILVA DIAS, MARIA ASSUNCAO F.; DE SOUZA, RODRIGO A. F.; SCHUMACHER, COURTNEY; MARTIN, SCOT T. Cloud characteristics, thermodynamic controls and radiative impacts during the Observations and Modeling of the Green Ocean Amazon (GoAmazon2014/5) experiment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 17, n. 23, p. 14519-14541, DEC 6 2017. Web of Science Citations: 9.
MEDINA, BRUNO LISBOA; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T. Dual polarization radar Lagrangian parameters: a statistics-based probabilistic nowcasting model. NATURAL HAZARDS, v. 89, n. 2, p. 705-721, NOV 2017. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CECCHINI, MICAEL A.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; MARTIN, SCOT T.; ALBRECHT, RACHEL I.; ARTAXO, PAULO; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; BORRMANN, STEPHAN; FUETTERER, DANIEL; JURKAT, TINA; MAHNKE, CHRISTOPH; MINIKIN, ANDREAS; MOLLEKER, SERGEJ; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; POESCHL, ULRICH; ROSENFELD, DANIEL; VOIGT, CHRISTIANE; WEINZIERL, BERNADETT; WENDISCH, MANFRED. Sensitivities of Amazonian clouds to aerosols and updraft speed. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 17, n. 16, p. 10037-10050, AUG 28 2017. Web of Science Citations: 6.
JAEKEL, EVELYN; WENDISCH, MANFRED; KRISNA, TRISMONO C.; EWALD, FLORIAN; KOELLING, TOBIAS; JURKAT, TINA; VOIGT, CHRISTIANE; CECCHINI, MICAEL A.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; AFCHINE, ARMIN; COSTA, ANJA; KRAEMER, MARTINA; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; POESCHL, ULRICH; ROSENFELD, DANIEL; YUAN, TIANLE. Vertical distribution of the particle phase in tropical deep convective clouds as derived from cloud-side reflected solar radiation measurements. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 17, n. 14, p. 9049-9066, JUL 27 2017. Web of Science Citations: 5.
MATTOS, ENRIQUE V.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; WILLIAMS, EARLE R.; GOODMAN, STEVEN J.; BLAKESLEE, RICHARD J.; BAILEY, JEFFREY C. Electrification life cycle of incipient thunderstorms. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 122, n. 8, p. 4670-4697, APR 27 2017. Web of Science Citations: 4.
ZILLI, MARCIA T.; CARVALHO, LEILA M. V.; LIEBMANN, BRANT; SILVA DIAS, MARIA A. A comprehensive analysis of trends in extreme precipitation over southeastern coast of Brazil. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, v. 37, n. 5, p. 2269-2279, APR 2017. Web of Science Citations: 8.
GOUVEIA, DIEGO A.; BARJA, BORIS; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; SEIFERT, PATRIC; BAARS, HOLGER; PAULIQUEVIS, THEOTONIO; ARTAXO, PAULO. Optical and geometrical properties of cirrus clouds in Amazonia derived from 1 year of ground-based lidar measurements. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 17, n. 5, p. 3619-3636, MAR 15 2017. Web of Science Citations: 4.
MATTOS, ENRIQUE V.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; WILLIAMS, EARLE R.; ALBRECHT, RACHEL I. Polarimetric radar characteristics of storms with and without lightning activity. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 121, n. 23, p. 14201-14220, DEC 2016. Web of Science Citations: 3.
SARAIVA, I.; SILVA DIAS, M. A. F.; MORALES, C. A. R.; SARAIVA, J. M. B. Regional Variability of Rain Clouds in the Amazon Basin as Seen by a Network of Weather Radars. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, v. 55, n. 12, p. 2657-2675, DEC 2016. Web of Science Citations: 4.
WANG, JIAN; KREJCI, RADOVAN; GIANGRANDEL, SCOTT; KUANG, CHONGAI; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; BRITO, JOEL; CARBONE, SAMARA; CHI, XUGUANG; COMSTOCK, JENNIFER; DITAS, FLORIAN; LAVRIC, JOST; MANNINEN, HANNA E.; MEI, FAN; MORAN-ZULOAGA, DANIEL; POEHLKER, CHRISTOPHER; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; SATURNO, JORGE; SCHMID, BEAT; SOUZA, RODRIGO A. F.; SPRINGSTON, STEPHEN R.; TOMLINSON, JASON M.; TOTO, TAMI; WALTER, DAVID; WIMMER, DANIELA; SMITH, JAMES N.; KULMALA, MARKKU; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; ARTAXO, PAULO; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; PETAJA, TUUKKA; MARTIN, SCOT T. Amazon boundary layer aerosol concentration sustained by vertical transport during rainfall. Nature, v. 539, n. 7629, p. 416-419, NOV 17 2016. Web of Science Citations: 29.
GIANGRANDE, SCOTT E.; TOTO, TAMI; JENSEN, MICHAEL P.; BARTHOLOMEW, MARY JANE; FENG, ZHE; PROTAT, ALAIN; WILLIAMS, CHRISTOPHER R.; SCHUMACHER, COURTNEY; MACHADO, LUIZ. Convective cloud vertical velocity and mass-flux characteristics from radar wind profiler observations during GoAmazon2014/5. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 121, n. 21, p. 12891-12913, NOV 16 2016. Web of Science Citations: 16.
WENDISCH, MANFRED; POESCHL, ULRICH; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; ALBRECHT, RACHEL; SCHLAGER, HANS; ROSENFELD, DANIEL; MARTIN, SCOT T.; ABDELMOMONEM, AHMED; AFCHINE, ARMIN; ARAUJO, ALESSANDRO C.; ARTAXO, PAULO; AUFMHOFF, HEINFRIED; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; BORRMANN, STEPHAN; BRAGA, RAMOMON; BUCHHOLZ, BERNHARD; CECCHINI, MICAEL AMOMORE; COSTA, ANJA; CURTIUS, JOACHIM; DOLLNER, MAXIMILIAN; DORF, MARCEL; DREILING, VOLKER; EBERT, VOLKER; EHRLICH, ANDRE; EWALD, FLORIAN; FISCH, GILBERTO; FIX, ANDREAS; FRANK, FABIAN; FUTTERER, DANIEL; HECKL, CHRISTOPOPHER; HEIDELBERG, FABIAN; HUENEKE, TILMAN; JAKEL, EVELYN; JARVINEN, EMMMMA; JURKAT, TINA; KANTER, SANDRA; KAESTNER, UDO; KENNTNER, MAREIKE; KESSELMEIER, JURGEN; KLIMACH, THOMOMAS; KNECHT, MATTHIAS; KOHL, REBECCA; KOELLING, TOBIAS; KRAEMER, MARTINA; KRUEGER, MIRA; KRISNA, TRISMOMONO CANDRA; LAVRIC, JOST V.; LONGO, KARLA; MAHNKE, CHRISTOPOPH; MANZI, ANTONIO O.; MAYER, BERNHARD; MERTES, STEPHAN; MINIKIN, ANDREAS; MOLLEKER, SERGEJ; MUNCH, STEFFEN; NILLIUS, BJORN; PFEILSTICKER, KLAUS; POHLKER, CHRISTOPOPHER; ROIGER, ANKE; ROSE, DIANA; ROSENOWOW, DAGMAR; SAUER, DANIEL; SCHNAITER, MARTIN; SCHNEIDER, JOHANNES; SCHULZ, CHRISTIANE; DE SOUZA, RODRIGO A. F.; SPANU, ANTONIO; STOCK, PAUL; VILA, DANIEL; VOIGT, CHRISTIANE; WALSER, ADRIAN; WALTER, DAVID; WEIGEL, RALF; WEINZIERL, BERNADETT; WERNER, FRANK; YAMASOE, MARCIA A.; ZIEREIS, HELMUMUT; ZINNER, TOBIAS; ZOEGER, MARTIN. ACRIDICON-CHUVA CAMPAIGN Studying Tropical Deep Convective Clouds and Precipitation over Amazonia Using the New German Research Aircraft HALO. BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, v. 97, n. 10, p. 1885-1908, OCT 2016. Web of Science Citations: 44.
OLIVEIRA, ROMULO; MAGGIONI, VIVIANA; VILA, DANIEL; MORALES, CARLOS. Characteristics and Diurnal Cycle of GPM Rainfall Estimates over the Central Amazon Region. REMOTE SENSING, v. 8, n. 7 JUL 2016. Web of Science Citations: 17.
WILLIAMS, EARLE R.; MATTOS, ENRIQUE V.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T. Stroke multiplicity and horizontal scale of negative charge regions in thunderclouds. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 43, n. 10, p. 5460-5466, MAY 28 2016. Web of Science Citations: 1.
GERKEN, TOBIAS; WEI, DANDAN; CHASE, RANDY J.; FUENTES, JOSE D.; SCHUMACHER, COURTNEY; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; ANDREOLI, RITA V.; CHAMECKI, MARCELO; FERREIRA DE SOUZA, RODRIGO A.; FREIRE, LIVIA S.; JARDINE, ANGELA B.; MANZI, ANTONIO O.; NASCIMENTO DOS SANTOS, ROSA M.; VON RANDOW, CELSO; COSTA, PATRICIA DOS SANTOS; STOY, PAUL C.; TOTA, JULIO; TROWBRIDGE, AMY M. Downward transport of ozone rich air and implications for atmospheric chemistry in the Amazon rainforest. Atmospheric Environment, v. 124, n. A, p. 64-76, JAN 2016. Web of Science Citations: 16.
CECCHINI, MICAEL A.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; COMSTOCK, JENNIFER M.; MEI, FAN; WANG, JIAN; FAN, JIWEN; TOMLINSON, JASON M.; SCHMID, BEAT; ALBRECHT, RACHEL; MARTIN, SCOT T.; ARTAXO, PAULO. Impacts of the Manaus pollution plume on the microphysical properties of Amazonian warm-phase clouds in the wet season. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 16, n. 11, p. 7029-7041, 2016. Web of Science Citations: 11.
ADAMS, DAVID K.; FERNANDES, RUI M. S.; HOLUB, KIRKRK L.; GUTMAN, SETH I.; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; CALHLHEIROS, ALAN J. P.; BENNETT, RICHARDRD A.; KURSINSKI, E. ROBERT; SAPUCCI, LUIZ F.; DEMETS, CHARLRLES; CHAGAS, GLAYSON F. B.; ARELLANO, AVE; FILIZOLA, NAZIANO; ROCHA, ALCIELIO A. AMORIM; SILVA, ROSIMEIRE ARAUJO; ASSUNCAO, LILIA M. F.; CIRINO, GLAUBER G.; PAULIQUEVIS, THEOTONIO; PORTELA, BRUNO T. T.; SA, ANDRE; DE SOUSA, JEANNE M.; TANAKA, LUDMILA M. S. THE AMAZON DENSE GNSS METEOROLOGICAL NETWORK A New Approach for Examining Water Vapor and Deep Convection Interactions in the Tropics. BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, v. 96, n. 12, p. 2151-2165, DEC 2015. Web of Science Citations: 15.
OLIVEIRA, ROMULO A. J.; BRAGA, RAMON C.; VILA, DANIEL A.; MORALES, CARLOS A. Evaluation of GPROF-SSMI/S rainfall estimates over land during the Brazilian CHUVA-VALE campaign. ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH, v. 163, n. SI, p. 102-116, SEP 15 2015. Web of Science Citations: 4.
DELAHAYE, FLORIAN; KIRSTETTER, PIERRE-EMMANUEL; DUBREUIL, VINCENT; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; VILA, DANIEL A.; CLARK, III, ROBERT. A consistent gauge database for daily rainfall analysis over the Legal Brazilian Amazon. Journal of Hydrology, v. 527, p. 292-304, AUG 2015. Web of Science Citations: 10.
MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; CHABOUREAU, JEAN-PIERRE. Effect of Turbulence Parameterization on Assessment of Cloud Organization. MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW, v. 143, n. 8, p. 3246-3262, AUG 2015. Web of Science Citations: 13.
GONCALVES, W. A.; MACHADO, L. A. T.; KIRSTETTER, P-E. Influence of biomass aerosol on precipitation over the Central Amazon: an observational study. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 15, n. 12, p. 6789-6800, 2015. Web of Science Citations: 22.
DOS SANTOS, MERCEL J.; SILVA DIAS, MARIA A. F.; FREITAS, EDMILSON D. Influence of local circulations on wind, moisture, and precipitation close to Manaus City, Amazon Region, Brazil. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 119, n. 23, p. 13233-13249, DEC 16 2014. Web of Science Citations: 11.
MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; SILVA DIAS, MARIA A. F.; MORALES, CARLOS; FISCH, GILBERTO; VILA, DANIEL; ALBRECHT, RACHEL; GOODMAN, STEVEN J.; CALHEIROS, ALAN J. P.; BISCARO, THIAGO; KUMMEROW, CHRISTIAN; COHEN, JULIA; FITZJARRALD, DAVID; NASCIMENTO, ERNANI L.; SAKAMOTO, MEIRY S.; CUNNINGHAM, CHRISTOPHER; CHABOUREAU, JEAN-PIERRE; PETERSEN, WALTER A.; ADAMS, DAVID K.; BALDINI, LUCA; ANGELIS, CARLOS F.; SAPUCCI, LUIZ F.; SALIO, PAOLA; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; LANDULFO, EDUARDO; SOUZA, RODRIGO A. F.; BLAKESLEE, RICHARD J.; BAILEY, JEFFREY; FREITAS, SAULO; LIMA, WAGNER F. A.; TOKAY, ALI. THE CHUVA PROJECT How Does Convection Vary across Brazil?. BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, v. 95, n. 9, p. 1365-1380, SEP 2014. Web of Science Citations: 49.
BRAGA, RAMON CAMPOS; VILA, DANIEL ALEJANDRO. Investigating the Ice Water Path in Convective Cloud Life Cycles to Improve Passive Microwave Rainfall Retrievals. JOURNAL OF HYDROMETEOROLOGY, v. 15, n. 4, p. 1486-1497, AUG 2014. Web of Science Citations: 4.
SCHNEEBELI, MARC; GRAZIOLI, JACOPO; BERNE, ALEXIS. Improved Estimation of the Specific Differential Phase Shift Using a Compilation of Kalman Filter Ensembles. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, v. 52, n. 8, p. 5137-5149, AUG 2014. Web of Science Citations: 11.
CALHEIROS, ALAN J. P.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T. Cloud and rain liquid water statistics in the CHUVA campaign. ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH, v. 144, n. SI, p. 126-140, JUL 1 2014. Web of Science Citations: 13.
CECCHINI, MICAEL A.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; ARTAXO, PAULO. Droplet Size Distributions as a function of rainy system type and Cloud Condensation Nuclei concentrations. ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH, v. 143, p. 301-312, JUN 15 2014. Web of Science Citations: 5.
SARAIVA, A. C. V.; CAMPOS, L. Z. S.; WILLIAMS, E. R.; ZEPKA, G. S.; ALVES, J.; PINTO, JR., O.; HECKMAN, S.; BUZATO, T. S.; BAILEY, J. C.; MORALES, C. A.; BLAKESLEE, R. J. High-speed video and electromagnetic analysis of two natural bipolar cloud-to-ground lightning flashes. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 119, n. 10, p. 6105-6127, MAY 27 2014. Web of Science Citations: 13.
SAPUCCI, LUIZ F. Evaluation of Modeling Water-Vapor-Weighted Mean Tropospheric Temperature for GNSS-Integrated Water Vapor Estimates in Brazil. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, v. 53, n. 3, p. 715-730, MAR 2014. Web of Science Citations: 0.
NEGRI, RENATO G.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; ENGLISH, STEPHEN; FORSYTHE, MARY. Combining a Cloud-Resolving Model with Satellite for Cloud Process Model Simulation Validation. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, v. 53, n. 2, p. 521-533, FEB 2014. Web of Science Citations: 4.
NEGRI, R. G.; MACHADO, L. A. T.; BORDE, R. Inner convective system cloud-top wind estimation using multichannel infrared satellite images. International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 35, n. 2, p. 651-670, JAN 17 2014. Web of Science Citations: 1.
BARBOSA, H. M. J.; BARJA, B.; PAULIQUEVIS, T.; GOUVEIA, D. A.; ARTAXO, P.; CIRINO, G. G.; SANTOS, R. M. N.; OLIVEIRA, A. B. A permanent Raman lidar station in the Amazon: description, characterization, and first results. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, v. 7, n. 6, p. 1745-1762, 2014. Web of Science Citations: 10.
LIMA, WAGNER F. A.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T. Cloud reflectivity profile classification using MSG/SEVIRI infrared multichannel and TRMM data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 34, n. 12, p. 4384-4405, 2013. Web of Science Citations: 0.
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