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Carotenoids and carotenoid esters in different citrus cultivars: composition, bioacessibility and changes during ripeness

Grant number: 13/09804-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2013
Effective date (End): June 30, 2017
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Food Science and Technology
Principal Investigator:Adriana Zerlotti Mercadante
Grantee:Fabiane Cristina Petry
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos (FEA). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil


The citriculture is important for both Brazilian and São Paulo State economies; however, this activity is based on a few number of varieties, which contributes to its phytosanitary vulnerability. The Centro APTA Citros Sylvio Moreira from Instituto Agronômico de Campinas (IAC) developed new hybrids between orange Pera and tangor Murcott, aiming to combine different disease resistance from both species. Such hybrids are being evaluated for agronomic characteristics and fruit and juice qualities. Carotenoids are responsible for the color of peel and pulp of citrus fruits, and they also present other important biological actions. The composition of free carotenoid from citrus fruits has been widely studied, and is characterized by the large number of different carotenoids found in such matrix. However, a different situation can be observed in relation to carotenoid esters in citrus, with few publications. This research can be divided in three part. The objective of the first one is to develop and validate a new methodology for carotenoid analysis in lyophilized orange pulp, as well as identify the carotenoids and carotenoid esters of Valencia orange pulp. The second objective is to determine the carotenoid profile color and some other quality parameters (fruit size and weight, total soluble solids and acidity) of hybrids between tangor cv. Murcott and orange cv. Pera in different ripening stages. The last objective is to identify and quantify the carotenoid and carotenoid esters of different mandarin cultivars growth in Brazil.

Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PETRY, FABIANE C.; DE NADAI, FABIO B.; CRISTOFANI-YALY, MARIANGELA; LATADO, RODRIGO R.; MERCADANTE, ADRIANA Z. Carotenoid biosynthesis and quality characteristics of new hybrids between tangor (Citrus reticulata x C. sinensis) cv. `Murcott' and sweet orange (C. sinensis) cv. `Pera'. Food Research International, v. 122, p. 461-470, AUG 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
PETRY, FABIANE C.; MERCADANTE, ADRIANA Z. New Method for Carotenoid Extraction and Analysis by HPLC-DAD-MS/MS in Freeze-Dried Citrus and Mango Pulps. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, v. 29, n. 1, p. 205-215, JAN 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
PETRY, FABIANE CRISTINA; MERCADANTE, ADRIANA ZERLOTTI. Impact of in vitro digestion phases on the stability and bioaccessibility of carotenoids and their esters in mandarin pulps. FOOD & FUNCTION, v. 8, n. 11, p. 3951-3963, NOV 2017. Web of Science Citations: 7.
MERCADANTE, ADRIANA ZERLOTTI; RODRIGUES, DANIELE B.; PETRY, FABIANE C.; BARROS MARIUTTI, LILIAN REGINA. Carotenoid esters in foods - A review and practical directions on analysis and occurrence. Food Research International, v. 99, n. 2, SI, p. 830-850, SEP 2017. Web of Science Citations: 26.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
PETRY, Fabiane Cristina. Carotenoides e ésteres de carotenoides em diferentes cultivares de citros : amadurecimento e bioacessibilidade. 2017. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos.

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