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Reactor performance and microbial community analysis of anaerobic co-digestion of cattle manure with waste kitchen oil

Grant number: 15/06577-3
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): July 20, 2015
Effective date (End): March 19, 2016
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Animal Husbandry
Principal Investigator:Paulo Henrique Mazza Rodrigues
Grantee:Ricardo Galbiatti Sandoval Nogueira
Supervisor abroad: Teng Teeh Lim
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : University of Missouri, Columbia (UM), United States  
Associated to the scholarship:13/11983-5 - Quantification of enteric and manure methane emissions, nutrients excretion and nutritional evaluation in bovines fed with or without cotton seed, BP.DR

Abstract

In present FAPESP PhD project (2013/11983-5) has been studied anaerobic digestion as cattle manure methane emissions quantify way but there are emerging techniques to study anaerobic digestion, which are BEPE proposed. Anaerobic digestion (AD) is one of the promising techniques for manure treatment. Besides environmental and social gains provided by this technique, there is an economic gain through the use of renewable energy. The quality and quantity of biogas generated by Ads can affect the economic return of the investment. Co digestion is a promising technique for improving biogas production. The objectives are to improve a promising technology for cattle manure treatment which focuses on co-digestion with waste kitchen oil for higher biogas production and quality, and to analyze if there are any microbial community differences in the digestate. This study will be conducted in the Air Quality and Waste Management Laboratory of College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources of University of Missouri, under Prof. Teng Lim's supervision. Nine anaerobic digesters will be fed with beef cattle manure at 1.0 g-VS/m3/day. After stabilization, the treatment will be adding waste kitchen oil as co-digestion material. There will be three sets of laboratory-scale digesters, each has there digesters. Treatments will be: 1) control (100% cattle manure); 2) cattle manure with 0.5 % waste kitchen oil (by volume) and 3) cattle manure with 1.0 % waste kitchen oil (by volume). Variables measured will include biogas production, methane and carbon dioxide compositions, manure characteristics, N, P, K, NH3, moisture content, volatile solids digestate concentration and electricity conductivity, as well as total bacteria, total methanogens, Methanosarcina, Methanosaeta. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
NOGUEIRA, R. G. S.; LIM, T. T.; WANG, H.; RODRIGUES, P. H. M. PERFORMANCE, MICROBIAL COMMUNITY ANALYSIS AND FERTILIZER VALUE OF ANAEROBIC CO-DIGESTION OF CATTLE MANURE WITH WASTE KITCHEN OIL. APPLIED ENGINEERING IN AGRICULTURE, v. 35, n. 2, p. 239-248, 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.