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Metabolomics of fecal water in obese patients with Type 2 Diabetes before and after gastroplasty reduction in Y-Roux (GRYR)

Grant number: 14/05220-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2015
Effective date (End): June 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nutrition
Principal Investigator:Dan Linetzky Waitzberg
Grantee:Camila de Siqueira Cardinelli
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina (FM). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:11/09612-3 - Changes in gene expression in gastric and intestinal tissue of type 2 Diabetes patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, AP.TEM

Abstract

The analysis of microbial metabolites in fecal water has been important in elucidating the metabolic pathways related to obesity. The identification of new biomarkers that are associated with obesity to generate grants to improve the molecular understanding of this clinical condition, and learn more about the role of the intestinal microbiota in the metabolism of the host. In this perspective, this study proposes to characterize the microbial metabolite profile in stool samples of individuals with severe obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2) before and after gastroplasty - Roux -Y (GRYR by mass spectrometry (MS) coupled Liquid Chromatography (LC). Twenty candidates will be selected GRYR patients, accompanied by Department of Digestive Surgery, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo. Stool samples will be collected in the preoperative, postoperative and 3-month postoperative period of 1 year GRYR. The data will be treated statistically to characterize the microbial metabolite profile of patients with severe obesity and T2DM. This pioneering study is of great clinical importance, since microbial metabolites in fecal water are biomarkers for prevention and development of diseases like obesity and diabetes. Our study aims to increase knowledge about the interaction between the host and it intestinal microbiota in obesity, and open new avenues for the development of therapeutic approaches targeted to the intestinal microbiota. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CARDINELLI, CAMILA DE SIQUEIRA; TORRINHAS, RAQUEL SUSANA; SALA, PRISCILA; PUDENZI, MARCOS ALBIERI; ANGOLINI, CELIO FERNANDO F.; DA SILVA, MARIANE MARQUES; MACHADO, NATASHA MENDONCA; RAVACCI, GRAZIELA; EBERLIN, MARCOS N.; WAITZBERG, DAN L. Fecal bile acid profile after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and its association with the remission of type 2 diabetes in obese women: A preliminary study. Clinical Nutrition, v. 38, n. 6, p. 2906-2912, DEC 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
SALA, PRISCILA; BELARMINO, GILIANE; MACHADO, NATASHA MENDONCA; CARDINELLI, CAMILA SIQUEIRA; AL ASSAL, KARINA; SILVA, MARIANE MARQUES; FONSECA, DANIELLE CRISTINA; ISHIDA, ROBSON KIYOSHI; SANTO, MARCO AURELIO; HOURNEAUX DE MOURA, EDUARDO GUIMARAES; SAKAI, PAULO; MOTA SIQUEIRA GUARDA, ISMAEL FRANCISCO; COTRIM GUERREIRO DA SILVA, ISMAEL DALE; RODRIGUES, AGATHA SACRAMENTO; DE BRAGANCA PEREIRA, CARLOS ALBERTO; HEYMSFIELD, STEVEN; DORE, JOEL; MATOS DE MIRANDA TORRINHAS, RAQUEL SUSANA; GIANNELLA-NETO, DANIEL; WAITZBERG, DAN LINETZKY. The SURMetaGIT study: Design and rationale for a prospective pan-omics examination of the gastrointestinal response to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH, v. 44, n. 6, p. 1359-1375, DEC 2016. Web of Science Citations: 5.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.