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Effect of jaboticaba freeze-dried peel (Myrciaria spp.) in autophagy markers in adipose tissue of mices

Grant number: 15/20766-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2016
Effective date (End): February 28, 2017
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nutrition - Nutrition Biochemistry
Principal researcher:Mário Roberto Maróstica Junior
Grantee:Andressa Mara Baseggio
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos (FEA). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil


Obesity, characterized by excessive accumulation of adipose tissue body, it is a complex multifactorial and considered a pandemic disease. Among the physiopathology mechanisms of the disease, it is known which adipocyte's hypertrophy unleashes a chronic inflammation frame low-grade, with systemic consequences. These changes generated by the increase in cellular stress can be verified by the increase of various inflammatory cytokines, into plasma or tissue. Important molecular changes are also seen in obesity, through modulation of cellular processes; one of these processes is called autophagy, a homeostasis fundamental degradation mechanism and with different importance in different cells. In adipose tissue, increased autophagy is related to adipocyte hypertrophy, degree of obesity and systemic inflammation. However, the opposite is observed in the liver, where increasing autophagy seems to contribute to the reduction of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (consequence of obesity). Thus, investigation of compounds can contribute to the favorable modulation of this process it becomes crucial in the search for obesity-fighting strategies. In this scenario, benefits of consumption of bioactive compounds present in foods. The jaboticaba (Myrciara spp.), a Brazilian native fruit is rich in flavonoids on its peel, which has given positive health effects, such as reducing oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and cardiovascular benefits. The objective of this study is evaluate the effect of freeze-dried jaboticaba peel under autophagic modulation process induced by diet in mice. For this purpose, chemical composition analysis will be performed in the freeze-dried jaboticaba peel and antioxidant potential analysis. For the biological assay, forty male mice C57BL6 will be divided into 4 groups: a control high fat diet (n=10), a control normal fat diet (n=10), a high fat diet with 4% freeze-dried jaboticaba peel supplementation (n=10) and a normal fat diet with 4% freeze-dried jaboticaba peel supplementation (n=10) for four weeks. At the end of this period, the animals will be euthanized. The portal blood will be collected for performing ELISA tests (TNF-± and MCP-1 antibody), while the fatty tissues (epididymal and inguinal) will be collected to perform Western Blot test for two regulatory proteins of autophagy, LC3 and the Beclin-1. For the liver, histological examination will be performed.

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
BASEGGIO, Andressa Mara. Effect of freeze-dried jaboticaba peel (Myrciaria sp.) in autophagy markers from adipose tissue in mice. 2017. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos Campinas, SP.

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Filed patent(s) as a result of this research project

COMPOSIÇÃO COMPREENDENDO EXTRATO DA CASCA DE JABUTICABA, E USOS DO MESMA BR1020170054624 - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) . Mário Roberto Marostica Junior; Valéria H. Alves Cagnon Quitete; Celina De Almeida Lamas; Sabrina Alves Lenquiste; Felix Guillermo Reyes Reyes; Patricia Aparecida De Campos Braga; Andressa Mara Baseggio - March 2017, 17

COMPOSIÇÃO COMPREENDENDO EXTRATO DA CASCA DE JABUTICABA E USOS DA MESMA PCT/BR2018/000011 - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) . Mário Roberto Marostica Junior ; Valéria H. Alves Cagnon Quitete ; Celina de Almeida Lamas ; Sabrina Alves Lenquiste ; Felix Guillermo Reyes Reyes ; Patricia Aparecida Campos Braga ; Andres Mara Basseggio - March 2018, 07