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Obesity, dynapenia and dynapenic obesity as factors associated with falls in community dwelling elderly in São Paulo - SABE Study

Grant number: 15/18291-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2016
Effective date (End): February 28, 2017
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Collective Health - Epidemiology
Principal researcher:Tiago da Silva Alexandre
Grantee:Roberta de Oliveira Máximo
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (CCBS). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/50649-6 - SABE study: a longitudinal study of multiple cohorts on the elderly life and health conditions in the municipality of São Paulo - cohort 2015, AP.TEM

Abstract

Falls reach more than a third of the elderly population and can lead to functional limitations, early hospitalization, institutionalization and death. Thus, identifying modifiable risk factors is essential for the early work of health professionals to avoid such negative outcomes materialize. Muscle strength is important in the normal postural control mechanism and its reduction, as you get older, called dynapenia, interferes with the muscle's ability to respond to postural corrections. Besides dynapenia, increased body fat occurs with advancing age and contributes to the reduction in muscular strength. There is also little evidence that obesity the allied dynapenia, defined as dynapenic obesity may be associated with falls in the elderly and no such analysis was conducted with the Latin American population. Thus, the aim of this study is to analyze the association between obesity, dynapenia and dynapenic obesity with the occurrence of one or more falls in the elderly living in São Paulo. This will use the third wave of the SABE Study(2010), made up of 1344 elderly. Mean comparison between fallers and non-fallers will be held by Rao and Scott Wald test and proportions of comparisons will be made through the chi square test. To analyze the factors associated with falls and multiple falls logistic regression will be used.Key words: Obesity, dynapenia , dynapenic obesity, falls, elderly, SABE Study.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MAXIMO, ROBERTA DE OLIVEIRA; FERREIRA SANTOS, JAIR LICIO; PERRACINI, MONICA RODRIGUES; DE OLIVEIRA, CESAR; DE OLIVEIRA DUARTE, YEDA APARECIDA; ALEXANDRE, TIAGO DA SILVA. Abdominal obesity, dynapenia and dynapenic-abdominal obesity as factors associated with falls. BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL THERAPY, v. 23, n. 6, p. 497-505, NOV-DEC 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.