Obesity is a chronic and prevalent disorder, affecting progressively children and adolescents. In addition is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and evidences suggests that obesity is associated with some types of chronic pain, especially musculoskeletal pain. Our hypothesis is that obesity is also comorbid with temporomandibular disorders (TMD), a painful musculoskeletal condition of the orofacial region with high prevalence among adults and adolescents. Objective: To evaluate whether obesity and physical activity are associated with the presence and severity of painful TMD adolescents. Methods: The sample size calculation defined n = 600. Participants will be students from municipal and private public schools in Araraquara, Brazil. The sample is stratified according to the presence of TMD (according to the RDC-Axis I) and nutritional characteristics (body mass index, bioimpedance, cutaneous folds and abdominal circumference). Socio-demographic information according to the presence of painful TMD will be described. Other variables will be assessed by validated instruments including primary headaches, obstructive sleep apnea, degree of physical activity, stage of sexual maturation and depression. Multivariate logistic regression will be used to estimate the odds ratio. The chi-square or Fisher's exact test will be used to study the associations of interest, prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) will be applied. The significance level will be 5%.
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(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
JORDANI, PAULA C.;
CAMPI, LETICIA B.;
BRAIDO, GUILHERME V. V.;
VISSCHER, CORINE M.;
GONCALVES, DANIELA A. G.
Obesity, sedentarism and TMD-pain in adolescents.
Journal of Oral Rehabilitation,
Web of Science Citations: 1.
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)