Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand

Evaluation of effect of a new cystatin derived from sugar cane on the profile and viability of microcosm biofilm, as well and on dentin demineralization prevention

Grant number: 18/24450-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2019
Effective date (End): September 30, 2021
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Social and Preventive Dentistry
Principal researcher:Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf
Grantee:João Victor Frazão Câmara
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Bauru , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):20/02263-2 - Mechanisms related to dental protection against tooth erosion by treatment with a new sugar cane-derived cystatin (CaneCPI-5), BE.EP.MS

Abstract

In dentistry, various diseases such as caries and tooth erosion have been studied.Recently, a new cystatin derived from sugarcane (CaneCPI-5) was produced in a heterologous expression system and was shown to strongly bind to enamel, protecting against tooth erosion in vitro. However, the protective effect of CaneCPI-5 against dental caries, caused by acids produced by bacteria organized in a biofilm, after sugar consumption, has never been evaluated.In addition, matrix proteases are very important for the progression of dentin caries. Cystatins, including CaneCPI-5, inhibitcy stein cathepsins, which can have na additional impacto on the prevention of dentin caries. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of different concentrations of CaneCPI-5 on the bacterial profile and viability of a microcosm biofilm as well as on the prevention of dentin demineralization. For the formation of a microcosm biofilm, saliva will be collected from 2 healthy subjects, who have not brushed their teeth in the last 24 hours and have not ingested food or drinking liquids in the last 2 hours. Saliva will be diluted (70% saliva and 30% glycerol) and further mixed to McBain saliva (1:50) for the formation of a cariogenic biofilm. Bovine enamel and dentin samples (4 mm x 4 mm; n=90) will be prepared for the formation of a microcosm biofilm for 5 days, which will be treated daily (1x60s/day), with 3concentrations of CaneCPI-5 (0.1, 0.5or 1.0 mg/ml), 0.12% chlorhexidine (positive control) or PBS (negative control). In Step 1,the profile of the microscosm biofilm will be evaluated (colony forming units). In Step 2, live and dead bacteria in the biofilm will be evidenced by fluorescence using confocal microscope. In Step 3, the demineralization caused by the biofilm in the studied conditions will be measured by transverse microradiography. The data will be subjected to appropriate statistical analysis (parametric or non-parametric test, p <0.05). (AU)

News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
More itemsLess items
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FRAZAO CAMARA, JOAO VICTOR; ARAUJO, TAMARA TEODORO; MENDEZ, DANIELA ALEJANDRA CUSICANQUI; DA SILVA, NATARA DIAS GOMES; DE MEDEIROS, FELIPE FAVARO; SANTOS, LETHYCIA ALMEIDA; DE SOUZA CARVALHO, THAMYRIS; REIS, FABIANA NAVAS; MARTINI, TATIANA; MORAES, SAMANTA MASCARENHAS; SHIBAO, PRISCILA YUMI TANAKA; GROISMAN, SONIA; MAGALHAES, ANA CAROLINA; HENRIQUE-SILVA, FLAVIO; BUZALAF, MARILIA AFONSO RABELO. Effect of a sugarcane cystatin on the profile and viability of microcosm biofilm and on dentin demineralization. Archives of Microbiology, v. 203, n. 7, p. 4133-4139, SEP 2021. Web of Science Citations: 1.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
CÂMARA, João Victor Frazão. Evaluation of the effect of a new sugarcane-derived cystatin (CaneCPI-5) on the profile and viability of microcosm biofilm, as well as on the prevention of dentin demineralization. 2021. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB/SDB) Bauru.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.