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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Modeling the Offensive-Defensive Interaction and Resulting Outcomes in Basketball

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Author(s):
Lamas, Leonardo [1] ; Santana, Felipe [2] ; Heiner, Matthew [3] ; Ugrinowitsch, Carlos [2] ; Fellingham, Gilbert [4]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Brasilia, Fac Phys Educ, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Appl Math & Stat, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 - USA
[4] Brigham Young Univ, Dept Stat, Provo, UT 84602 - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 12 DEC 14 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 8
Abstract

Purpose We analyzed the interaction between offensive (i.e. space creation dynamics -SCDs) and defensive (i.e. space protection dynamics-SPDs) actions in six play outcomes (free shot, contested shot, new SCD, reset, foul, and turnover) in Spanish professional basketball games. Method Data consisted of 1548 SCD-SPD-outcome triples obtained from six play-off games. We used Bayesian methods to compute marginal probabilities of six outcomes following five different SCDs. We also computed probabilities of the six outcomes following the 16 most frequent SCD-SPD combinations. Results The pick action (e.g. pick and roll, pop and pop) was the most prevalent SCD (33%). However, this SCD did not produce the highest probability of a free shot (0.235). The highest probability of a free shot followed the SCD without ball (0.409). The pick was performed not only to attempt scoring but also to initiate offenses, as it produced the highest probability leading to a new SCD (0.403). Additionally, the SPD performed influenced the outcome of the SCD. This reinforces the notion that the opposition (offensive-defensive interaction) should be considered. To the best of our knowledge, in team sports, this is the first study to successfully model the tactical features involved in offense-defense interactions. Our analyses revealed that the high frequency of occurrence of some SCDs may be justified not only by an associated high probability of free shots but also by the possibility of progressively create more space in the defense (i.e. a new SCD as outcome). In the second case, it evidences offensive strategic features of progressive disruption of the defensive system through the concatenation of subsequent offensive actions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/19164-0 - Proposal of a quantitative methodology for match analysis in invasion team sports based on a formal model of strategy: application to basketball and soccer
Grantee:Leonardo Lamas Leandro Ribeiro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate