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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

mu(1)-Opioid receptors in the dorsomedial and ventrolateral columns of the periaqueductal grey matter are critical for the enhancement of post-ictal antinociception

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de Freitas, Renato Leonardo ; Medeiros, Priscila ; Khan, Asmat Ullah ; Coimbra, Norberto Cysne
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Synapse; v. 70, n. 12, p. 519-530, DEC 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Generalised tonic and tonic-clonic seizures are followed by significant increase in nociceptive thresholds in both laboratory animals and humans. The endogenous opioid peptides play a role in antinociceptive signalling, and the periaqueductal grey matter (PAG) is recruited to induce analgesia. Thus, the aim of this investigation was to evaluate the role of mu(1)-opioid receptors in the dorsomedial (dm) and ventrolateral (vl) columns of PAG in post-ictal antinociception. Pentylenetetrazole (PTZ; 64 mg/kg), which is an ionotropic GABA-mediated Cl- influx antagonist, was intraperitoneally (IP) administered to induce tonic-clonic seizures in Wistar rats. The tail-flick test was used to measure the nociceptive threshold. Microinjections of naltrexone (5.0 mu g/0.2 mu L), which is a non-selective opioid receptor antagonist, in both dmPAG and vlPAG decreased the tonic-clonic seizure-induced antinociception in seizing animals from 10 to 120 min after seizures. Furthermore, microinjections of the mu(1)-opioid receptor-selective antagonist naloxonazine (5.0 mu g/0.2 mu L) into the dmPAG decreased post-ictal antinociception immediately after convulsive reactions and from 10 to 90 min after seizures. However, vlPAG-pretreatment with naloxonazine at the same concentration decreased the post-ictal antinociception 30 min after the onset of tonic-clonic seizures and the nociceptive threshold returned to basal values 120 min after seizures. These findings indicate that mu(1)-opioid receptor-signalling mechanisms in both dmPAG and vlPAG play a relevant role in the organisation of post-ictal antinociception. In addition, mu(1)-opioid receptors in the dmPAG rather than in vlPAG seem to be more critically recruited during the antinociception induced by generalised tonic-clonic seizures. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/12916-0 - Role of endocannabinoid, glutamatergic and endovanilloid systems of medial prefrontal cortex in neuropathic pain model and investigation of neurological disorders and chronic pain comorbidity
Grantee:Renato Leonardo de Freitas
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/17258-5 - Study of the involvement of nitrergic system and of glutamatergic and cannabinoid-mediated neurotransmission from the medial prefrontal cortex in the analgesia induced by elaborated escape reactions evoked by GABAergic blockade in the medial hypothalamus
Grantee:Renato Leonardo de Freitas
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/25167-2 - Role of glutamatergic, endocannabinoid and endovaniloid systems of medial pre-frontal cortex in neurophatic pain model: Investigation of panic and chronic pain comorbidity
Grantee:Priscila de Medeiros
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/11869-0 - Multi-use equipment approved in grant 2013/12916-0: deep brain stimulation (DBS) (Thomas mini matrix system - Thomas recording GmbH® - Winchester Strasse - Giessen - Germany)
Grantee:Renato Leonardo de Freitas
Support type: Multi-user Equipment Program
FAPESP's process: 09/00668-6 - Study of the involvement of cholinergic pathways form tegmentar pedunculopontine nucleus to monoaminergic nuclei of the pain endogenous inhibitory system in the post-ictal antinociception
Grantee:Norberto Cysne Coimbra
Support type: Regular Research Grants