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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Performance and methane emissions of grazing Nellore bulls supplemented with crude glycerin

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Author(s):
Vito, E. San ; Lage, J. F. ; Messana, J. D. ; Dallantonia, E. E. ; Frighetto, R. T. S. ; Reis, R. A. ; Neto, A. J. ; Berchielli, T. T.
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE; v. 94, n. 11, p. 4728-4737, NOV 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Supplementation of grass-fed cattle with low-cost feeding alternatives may be an attractive way to improve efficiency of cattle production. We hypothesized that inclusion of crude glycerin (CG) in supplements provided to grass-fed cattle could improve feed conversion without negative effects on growth performance while reducing methane emissions. Our hypothesis was tested using Nellore bulls grazing tropical pasture (n = 50; initial BW of 427 +/- 19.41 kg; age of 17 +/- 2 mo) supplemented with increasing concentrations (0, 70, 140, 210, and 280 g/kg DM basis of supplement) of CG and corn gluten replacing corn grain. A second experiment was conducted using 10 ruminally cannulated Nellore steers (490.1 +/- 47.8 kg BW; age of 25 mo) to assess the impact of different concentrations of glycerin in the supplement on ruminal VFA concentration. Inclusion of CG did not affect total DMI (P = 0.53), DMI of forage (P = 0.41), supplement DMI (P = 0.47), organic matter intake (P = 0.50), crude protein intake (P = 0.24), NDF intake (P = 0.49), GE intake (P = 0.50), NDF digestibility (P = 0.17), final BW (P = 0.17), LM area (P = 0.50), rib fat thickness (P = 0.87), or carcass gain (P = 0.13). The inclusion of CG in the supplement linearly increased (P < 0.001) the molar proportion of propionate, butyrate, and valerate; linearly decreased acetate (P = 0.001); and did not affect the molar proportion of isovalerate (P = 0.31) and isobutyrate (P = 0.63), thereby reducing the acetate to propionate ratio (P < 0.001). The increase of CG supplementation of young bulls in pasture had a quadratic effect on BW gain (P = 0.002), with lower BW gain with 140 g/kg DM of CG in the supplement and tended (P = 0.06) to improve G:F. Inclusion of CG did not affect ruminal CH4 emission expressed in kilograms per year (P = 0.74), grams per kilogram of DMI (P = 0.69), and grams per kilogram of carcass gain (P = 0.48). Crude glycerin supplementation was not effective as a strategy to reduce CH4 emission in grass-fed cattle. However, CG can be effectively used as a partial energy source in supplement of grazing cattle, promoting an improvement in feed efficiency. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/00060-8 - GHG full account and mitigation strategies in Brachiaria pastures submitted to different management
Grantee:Telma Teresinha Berchielli
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/06409-2 - Crude glycerin from biodiesel came from the agriculture industry in the supplement beef steers raised on pasture
Grantee:Elias San Vito
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate