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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Exercise rescues obese mothers' insulin sensitivity, placental hypoxia and male offspring insulin sensitivity

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Fernandez-Twinn, Denise S. ; Gascoin, Geraldine ; Musial, Barbara ; Carr, Sarah ; Duque-Guimaraes, Daniella ; Blackmore, Heather L. ; Alfaradhi, Maria Z. ; Loche, Elena ; Sferruzzi-Perri, Amanda N. ; Fowden, Abigail L. ; Ozanne, Susan E.
Total Authors: 11
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 7, MAR 14 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 19
Abstract

The prevalence of obesity during pregnancy continues to increase at alarming rates. This is concerning as in addition to immediate impacts on maternal wellbeing, obesity during pregnancy has detrimental effects on the long-term health of the offspring through non-genetic mechanisms. A major knowledge gap limiting our capacity to develop intervention strategies is the lack of understanding of the factors in the obese mother that mediate these epigenetic effects on the offspring. We used a mouse model of maternal-diet induced obesity to define predictive correlations between maternal factors and offspring insulin resistance. Maternal hyperinsulinemia (independent of maternal body weight and composition) strongly associated with offspring insulin resistance. To test causality, we implemented an exercise intervention that improved maternal insulin sensitivity without changing maternal body weight or composition. This maternal intervention prevented excess placental lipid deposition and hypoxia (independent of sex) and insulin resistance in male offspring. We conclude that hyperinsulinemia is a key programming factor and therefore an important interventional target during obese pregnancy, and propose moderate exercise as a promising strategy to improve metabolic outcome in both the obese mother and her offspring. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/20380-5 - Involvement of microRNAs on the accelerated ageing process caused by obesity
Grantee:Daniella Esteves Duque Guimarães
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor