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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-Abbreviated version in Portuguese-speaking adults from three different countries

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Author(s):
Wanderson Roberto da Silva ; Fernanda Salloume Sampaio Bonafé ; João Marôco ; Benvindo Felismino Samuel Maloa ; Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy; v. 40, n. 2, p. -, Abr. 2018.
Abstract

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the validity, reliability and invariance of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-Abbreviated version (WHOQOL-Bref) in Portuguese-speaking adults from three different countries. Methods: A total of 4,020 Brazilian, Portuguese, and Mozambican individuals participated in the study. The total sample was divided into four samples: Brazilian patients (n = 1,120), Brazilian students (n = 1,398), Portuguese students (n = 1,165) and Mozambican students (n = 337). Factorial validity of the WHOQOL-Bref was assessed by confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent and discriminant validities of the instrument were assessed using the average variance extracted (AVE) and the square of Pearson's correlational coefficient (r2), respectively. Composite reliability and ordinal alpha were used as measures of reliability. The metric, scalar, and strict invariance of WHOQOL-Bref was evaluated by multi-group analysis in independent subsamples (within each sample) and only between Brazil and Portugal (transnational invariance), because the configural model of Mozambique was different. Results: The original model of the WHOQOL-Bref did not show a good fit for the samples. Different items were excluded to fit the instrument in each sample (different models for WHOQOL-Bref among Brazilian, Portuguese, and Mozambican samples). AVE and r2 were not adequate; however, the reliability of the WHOQOL-Bref was good, except in the Mozambican sample. Invariance was observed only in independent subsamples. Conclusion: The WHOQOL-Bref fitted models showed adequate factorial validity and invariance in independent subsamples. The transnational non-invariance of the WHOQOL-Bref shows the influence of culture on the operationalization of the quality of life construct. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/00228-7 - Contribution of body image, eating behavior and health perception for the quality of life of university students: transnational study
Grantee:Wanderson Roberto da Silva
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/17624-0 - Contribution of psychological variables on the perception of pain and quality of life in adults
Grantee:Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/00874-3 - Contribution of psychological variables on the perception of pain and quality of life in adults
Grantee:Fernanda Salloume Sampaio Bonafé
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/03093-2 - Contribution of body image, eating behavior and health perception for the quality of life of university students: transnational study
Grantee:Wanderson Roberto da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate