Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Changes in ruminal fermentation and microbial population of feedlot Nellore cattle fed crude glycerin and virginiamycin

Full text
Author(s):
Castagnino, Pablo S. [1] ; Dallantonia, Erick E. [1] ; Fiorentini, Giovani [1] ; San Vito, Elias [1] ; Messana, Juliana D. [1] ; Lima, Lais O. [1] ; Simioni, Tiago A. [1] ; Berchielli, Telma T. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo Stare Univ UNESP, Sch Agr & Vet Sci, Dept Anim Sci, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] INCT, UFV, Dept Anim Sci, CA, Av Peter Henry Rolfs S-N, Campus Univ, BR-36570000 Vicosa, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANIMAL FEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; v. 242, p. 69-76, AUG 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of crude glycerin (CG) and virginiamycin (VM) diets on ruminal fermentation and microbial population of feedlot Nellore cattle. Eight rumen fistulated bulls (BW = 600 +/- 34 kg; 26 +/- 3 months) were used in a replicated 4x4 Latin square (21-d periods) with 2x2 factorial arrangement of treatments: diets without virginiamycin (VM-) or virginiamycin at 25 mg/kg DM (VM+) combined with diets without crude glycerin (CG-) or CG (80% glycerol) at 100 gAg DM (CG+). The sugar cane bagasse was used as the exclusive roughage in the proportion of 200 g/kg in dry matter of diet and crude glycerin replaced com in the diet formulation. Ruminal samples were collected immediately before feeding and at 3,6,12 and 18 h post feeding on days 20 and 21 of the sampling week. Data were analyzed in a replicated 4x4 Latin square with a 2 x 2 factorial using the MDCED procedure of SAS (SAS Inst., Inc., Cary, NC). There were no CG x VM interactions for any variable measured (P >= 0.10). The intake of DM had a tendency to be greater in CG+ than CG- diets (P = 0.07). Apparent total tract digestibilities of nutrients were similar among diets (P >= 0.10). Diets with CG or VM had similar values of pH (mean = 6.15; P >= 0.10). Data showed that CG or VM did not affect the concentration of total VFA (116.92 mM; P >= 0.10). The proportion of propionate increased 27.5% in CG+ diets, regardless of VM inclusion (P = 0.01). Acetate:propionate ratio was lower in CG+ compared to CG- diets (3.58 vs. 2.12; P >= 0.10). Valerate and butyrate proportion was greater in CG+ than CG - diets (P < 0.05). The inclusion of VM or CG did not alter the relative abundance of fibrolityc bacteria (P >= 0.10). Total protozoa counts (P = 0.052) and Metadiniim spp. (P = 0.058) had a tendency to decrease in VM + than VM- diets (P < 0.10). Crude glycerin had positive effects on rumen fermentation products and can replace virginiamycin with increment of Megasphaera elsdenii abundance. However, combining virginiamycin and glycerin does not affect positively rumen fermentation and growth of bacteria that metabolize lactate. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/03918-4 - CRUDE GLYCERIN ASSOCIATED WITH VIRGINIAMICYN IN HIGH-CONCENTRATE DIETS ON PERFORMANCE AND RUMINAL FERMENTATION PARAMETERS OF NELLORE STEERS
Grantee:Pablo de Souza Castagnino
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate