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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Periodontal status of women with excessive gestational weight gain and the association with their newborns' health

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Author(s):
Jesuino, Bruno Gualtieri [1] ; Foratori-Junior, Gerson Aparecido [1] ; Missio, Alana Luiza Trenhago [1] ; Mascoli, Leonardo Silva [1] ; Sales-Peres, Silvia Helena de Carvalho [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Bauru Sch Dent, Dept Pediat Dent Orthodont & Publ Hlth, Al Octavio Pinheiro Brisolla 9-75, Bauru, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: INTERNATIONAL DENTAL JOURNAL; v. 70, n. 5 JUN 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to assess the association between high gestational weight gain and systemic and periodontal status of women between the 32nd and 36th gestational weeks of pregnancy (T1) and after delivery (T2), and the association of these factors with newborns' health. Methods The sample was divided into excessive gestational weight gain (GE = 25) and normal gestational weight gain (GN = 25) and was evaluated regarding: (i) socio-economic status; (ii) systemic and periodontal status; and (iii) newborns' health. The results were analysed using the Mann-Whitney U-test, the t-test, the Friedman test, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Cochran's Q test (P < 0.05). Results Women with GE had lower household income (P = 0.010) and higher body mass index (BMI) at both T1 and T2. The prevalence of hypertension at T1 was higher in women with GE, but the condition resolved post-delivery (P = 0.001). Worsening in oral hygiene was observed at T2 in both groups (P < 0.001). Sixty-eight percent of women with GE and 16% of women with GN had periodontitis at T1, and 52% and 12%, respectively, had periodontitis at T2. In women with GE, the BMI of newborns was higher (P = 0.031). Conclusions Women with high gestational weight gain also showed a high prevalence of hypertension and periodontitis during pregnancy, and persistent periodontitis after delivery. High gestational weight gain was related to high BMI of newborns. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/25934-0 - Evaluation of proteins differentially expressed in saliva associated with periodontitis in obese and eutrophic pregnant women before and after labor
Grantee:Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales Peres
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/13990-2 - Impact of obesity on systemic and periodontal conditions of pregnant women assisted during the 3rd gestational trimester and after baby's born
Grantee:Alana Luiza Trenhago Missio
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 18/20626-5 - Evaluation of the proteins differentially expressed in saliva associated with periodontitis during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy in obese and eutrophic patients
Grantee:Gerson Aparecido Foratori Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/25421-4 - Oral condition, nutrition and quality of life: analyse in obese and non-obese patients before and after the labor
Grantee:Gerson Aparecido Foratori Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master